Pierre Vaida

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NO and CO lung transfer values (TL) were measured separately in 14 healthy subjects (7 men, 7 women), using the single breath technique. Five repetitive maneuvers were performed by each subject for TLNO and TLCO determinations. The inspired mixture contained either 8 ppm NO or 0.25% CO, with 2% He, 21% O2 in N2. In order to measure an appreciable fraction(More)
Three subjects were studied walking on a sports track with and without 1-m-long stilts. They were asked to walk in different ways. Pace length, step rate, heart rate, and oxygen consumption were measured under both conditions at different speeds. The results show that walking speed is generally faster for stilt walking than for normal walking. The higher(More)
Abnormalities of the respiratory function are a common finding in adult obesity. In order to investigate the occurrence of similar facts in pediatric age, a group of 39 obese children (20 girls and 19 boys, aged from 7 to 15 years) whose weight excess for their height ranged from 25 to 105 p. 100 was studied and compared to a control group of normal(More)
The Fleisch pneumotachometer (PTM) gives the instantaneous respiratory gas flow, and when integrated provides the volume of gas displaced. Its output signal is proportional to the product of the flow and the viscosity of the gas. The calibration factor is thus different for inspiration and expiration. Since the exact value of the viscosity is unknown,(More)
Aim of the study was to evaluate by transthoracic Doppler the alterations in mitral inflow velocity pattern caused by acute changes in loading conditions occurring during parabolic flights. Each parabola included normogravity (1 Gz, 1 min), mild hypergravity (1.8 Gz, 20 sec), microgravity (0 Gz, 24 sec) and mild hypergravity (1.8 Gz, 20 sec) phases.(More)
This study aims to evaluate changes on cardiac chambers size, induced by gravitational stresses. During parabolic flight, seven subjects underwent 2-D transthoracic echocardiography at three different gravity phases (1 Gz, 1.8 Gz, and 0 Gz). LV endocardial borders were detected applying a semi-automatic segmentation procedure based on level set methods. LV(More)
The study of QT/RR relationship is important for the clinical evaluation of possible risk of ventricular tachyarrhythmia. Our aim was to assess the effects of 5-days of head-down (-6 degrees) bed-rest (HDBR) on ventricular repolarization. High fidelity 12-leads Holter ECG was acquired before (PRE), the last day of HDBR (HDT5), and five days after its(More)
Aim of the study was to test the feasibility of transthoracic real-time 3D (Philips) echocardiography (RT3D) during parabolic flight, to allow direct measurement of heart chambers volumes modifications during the parabola. One RT3D dataset corresponding to one cardiac cycle was acquired at each gravity phase (1 Gz, 1.8 Gz, 0 Gz, 1.8 Gz) during breath-hold(More)
The Decarto technique was used to study the orthogonal ECGs recorded in 23 subjects during parabolic flights (44 records). A parameter of the instantaneous decartograms, namely the activation area (AA), which is the total area of the depolarization front projection on the image sphere, was analyzed. We compared the values of AA during the periods of(More)