Pierre-Sylvain Luquet

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1. Groups of rainbow trout were given one or other of two diets that differed in amino acid profile for two months; concentrations of free amino acids in whole blood and latero-dorsal muscle were then measured. The effects of temperature (12 and 18 degrees C in freshwater) and salinity on the concentrations of free amino acids in these tissues were also(More)
This paper deals with multilingual database generation from parallel corpora. The idea is to contribute to the enrichment of lexical databases for languages with few linguistic resources. Our approach is endogenous: it relies on the raw texts only, it does not require external linguistic resources such as stemmers or taggers. The system produces alignments(More)
Experiments were conducted to examine the potential utilization of dietary urea by rainbow trout. A control diet and two diets supplemented with 1 and 3% of urea were fed to fish. Postprandial levels of urea and ammonia in blood plasma, and postprandial excretion of these metabolites were followed during 24 h. Apparent digestibility of urea in rainbow trout(More)
Protein synthesis was measured in the muscle of trout acclimatized to 10 and 18 degrees C and weighing about 100 g. Fractional synthesis rate was calculated after a pulse injection of L-leucine U14C by fitting the specific radioactivity of the protein to the computed values obtained with the specific radioactivity of the precursor, according to a precursor(More)
1. A previous paper (Gatesoupe et al., 1977) showed that turbot had a specific requirement for omega 3HPUFA since equivalent dietary amounts of 18:3 omega 3 or omega 3HPUFA (0.55% of the diet) did not lead to the same growth performances. 2. In the present paper, we demonstrated that fish given a high level of dietary 18:3 omega 3 (3.7% of the diet),(More)
Rainbow trout were fed a diet containing 1% dodecylcyclohexane or pristane for 9 weeks. Feed intake was recorded daily and weight gain every 3 weeks. These animals were compared with fish receiving a hydrocarbon-free diet (groups fed ad libitum and pair-fed groups for which the ration provided was the amount of food consumed by the hydrocarbon-contaminated(More)
In wild fish, gonad maturation and spawning induce modifications in feeding behaviour and dynamics of body stores which are possibly responsible for metabolic disorders. Conversely, food manipulations can modify reproduction of captive female broodstock. A restricted diet during early stages of the life cycle delays the first maturation age, a(More)