Pierre Scheinmann

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Peanuts are one of the most common and severe food allergens. Nevertheless, the occurrence of peanut allergy varies between countries and depends on both the exposure and the way peanuts are consumed. Processing is known to influence the allergenicity of peanut proteins. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of thermal processing on the IgE-binding(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the relationships between asthma and type and incidence of psychiatric problems in a pediatric population. METHODS A series of 93 children and adolescents with asthma presenting during a 1-year period to a pediatric pneumology and allergy service was studied. Their psychopathological problems were compared with those of 93 children(More)
Children with primary tuberculosis infection without disease must be identified and treated preventively to avoid an increase in the incidence of tuberculosis in children. However, the recognition of infected cases without disease is often difficult. In particular, minimal active disease may be present in many cases but unrecognised on chest radiography.(More)
The value of taking microbiological and cytological specimens by flexible bronchoscopy and bronchoalveolar lavage under local anaesthesia was assessed on 43 occasions in 35 HIV infected children, aged 3 months to 16 years, with interstitial pneumonitis. In acute interstitial pneumonitis (n = 22, 26 specimens from bronchoalveolar lavages) the microbiological(More)
We report eight pediatric cases of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) that illustrate the polymorphic nature of this disease: two cases with severe neonatal onset, three cases with progressive respiratory distress in patients under 1 year old, and three cases in older children with mild symptoms. Consanguineous parents or affected siblings were identified(More)
Background. Sequestrations represent bronchopulmonary malformations that are increasingly diagnosed antenatally. After birth, the therapeutic approach in asymptomatic children is debated, as some may spontaneously regress.¶Objective. To evaluate the efficacy of embolisation of the feeding systemic artery in the treatment of bronchopulmonary(More)
Asthma is known to have a direct impact on the quality of life of children with asthma and their families as a consequence of the attacks on day-to-day life. Psychopathological factors may be associated with poor quality of life by modulating the handicap and the patient's experience of it. The authors' objective was to evaluate the relationship between(More)
Complications of flexible bronchoscopy (FB) were prospectively evaluated during 1,328 diagnostic procedures in children, not in intensive care units. A total 92.8% of the procedures were performed in conscious patients under sedation and 7.2% under deep sedation. Supplementary oxygen was provided in approximately 80% of cases via endoscopic face mask(More)
The Epidemiological study on the Genetics and Environment of Asthma (EGEA) was planned to assess genetic, environmental risk factors and their interactions for asthma and for the two related traits of bronchial hyperresponsiveness and atopy. The population examined includes 348 nuclear families ascertained by one asthmatic (213 adult and 135 paediatric(More)
BACKGROUND Children with severe asthma have a significantly higher bronchial wall thickness (BWT) on high-resolution computed tomography scan than control children. OBJECTIVE We sought to determine whether a BWT score correlates with markers of airway remodeling and inflammation. METHODS In 37 children with severe asthma, we determined reticular(More)