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Paraplegia means a live long sentence of sensory loss, paralysis and dependence with approximately 1000 new victims in every European country every year and 11.500 new traumatic SCI cases in the US. respectively. Sixty percent are injured before age 30. More than 90% of SCI victims may survive with nearly normal experience of live. Most patients will(More)
Our main objective is to demonstrate the feasibility of a cortical neuroprosthesis, interfaced with the visual cortex, as a means through which a limited but useful visual sense may be restored to profoundly blind people. Although there are still a number of important unanswered questions and many problems have to be solved before a Cortical Visual(More)
— This paper presents the design, development and preliminary test of a new active microendoscope for neuroendoscopy and therapy of the spinal cord. Endoscopy of the spinal sub-arachnoid space is useful for some pathologies, but it is a very challenging task for several reasons: the navigation space is very narrow, there are many blood vessels and delicate(More)
The orientation of paraplegic athletes toward adapted sport activities required good knowledge of their functional characteristics. Wheelchair locomotion, especially for highly dynamic situations, poses the problem of trunk equilibrium management and head stabilization. The study aimed at designing a quantitative method to assess the ability of paraplegics(More)
− − − − The new generation of implanted neuroprostheses allows muscles to be controlled with fine accuracy, high selectivity and the repeatability of the muscle's response can be achieved. Thus, the closed loop control of such systems becomes possible. The SUAW project succeeded in the implantation of an advanced neuroprosthetic device on two patients, but(More)
Two patients were implanted with a sixteen channel neural/epimysial stimulator under the European SUAW project. Restoring standing up and short distance walking in paraplegics are the two main objectives. One year after the implantation, the first patient is able to achieve both movements with acceptable performances. During this year the system functioning(More)
The aim of this study was to define precisely the imaging of the canals of the temporal bone by means of high-resolution computed tomography (HR CT). Based on 24 temporal bones removed from embalmed cadavers and investigated with HR CT, several canals were studied: the canal of the chorda tympani (CdT), the canal of the auricular branch of the vagus nerve(More)