Learn More
STUDY DESIGN Review article on bone metabolism and therapeutic approach on bone loss in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). OBJECTIVE The first part aims to describe the process of bone demineralization and its effects on bone mass in patients with SCI. The second part describes and discusses the therapeutic approaches to limiting the alteration in(More)
The aim of this study was to define precisely the imaging of the canals of the temporal bone by means of high-resolution computed tomography (HR CT). Based on 24 temporal bones removed from embalmed cadavers and investigated with HR CT, several canals were studied: the canal of the chorda tympani (CdT), the canal of the auricular branch of the vagus nerve(More)
The aim of this study was to define the imaging of the retrotympanum precisely by means of high-resolution CT. Based on 66 scans of petrous bones performed in 49 patients observed in an otologic department, several retrotympanic structures were studied: the pyramidal eminence, ponticulus, subiculum, chordal ridge, tympanic sinus of Proctor, sinus tympani(More)
Compression was applied to the distal femoral growth plate in rabbits. Measurements of bone length and microscopic studies of the physis showed that the axial growth rate decreased proportionally with the compression force; forces greater than 30 N caused cartilage cell damage and rapid cessation of physeal growth.
The use of general descriptive names, registered names, trademarks, etc. in this publication does not imply, even in the absence of a specific statement, that such names are exempt from the relevant protective laws and regulations and therefore free for general use. Product liability: The publishers cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information about the(More)
Laparoscopic exposure of pelvic nerves has opened a new area in the field of neuromodulation. However, electrode design and material deterioration remain issues that limit clinical application. The objective of this study was to evaluate experimentally the laparoscopic implantation of different types of neural electrodes in order to achieve functional and(More)
Pathophysiology of the obstructive sleep apnea syndrome shows three components: intra and peripharyngeal obstacles, excessive pharyngeal wall compliance and upper airway dilator muscle dysfunction. The intent of this paper is to provide an overview of the anatomy, histology, physiology and pathophysiology of the upper airway dilator muscles based on(More)
The emergence of turbo-FLASH MR sequences allows us to acquire five 10-mm sections each second and thus to catch images of the soft tissues during function. One can trace the pathway of a liquid between the tongue, the soft palate, the epiglottis and the pharyngeal apparatus and analysis the role of the anatomic structures during swallowing. Restricted to(More)
We present the results of a 5-year patient follow-up after implantation of an original neuroprosthesis. The system is able to stimulate both epimysial and neural electrodes in such a way that the complete flexor-extensor chain of the lower limb can be activated without using the withdrawal reflex. We demonstrate that standing and assisted walking are(More)