Pierre R. Burkhard

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An ambulatory gait analysis method using body-attached gyroscopes to estimate spatio-temporal parameters of gait has been proposed and validated against a reference system for normal and pathologic gait. Later, ten Parkinson's disease (PD) patients with subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS) implantation participated in gait measurements using(More)
An ambulatory system for quantification of tremor and bradykinesia in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) is presented. To record movements of the upper extremities, a sensing units which included miniature gyroscopes, has been fixed to each of the forearms. An algorithm to detect and quantify tremor and another algorithm to quantify bradykinesia have(More)
A new ambulatory method of monitoring physical activities in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients is proposed based on a portable data-logger with three body-fixed inertial sensors. A group of ten PD patients treated with subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS) and ten normal control subjects followed a protocol of typical daily activities and the(More)
Levodopa is at present the most effective treatment of Parkinson's disease. Its use in combination with a peripheral decarboxylase inhibitor prolongs the elevation of plasma levels and decreases the incidence of peripheral side effects. Severe psychiatric and neurologic side-effects may necessitate reduction or cessation of the drug.
BACKGROUND Plasma markers for stroke could be useful in diagnosis and prognosis and in prediction of response of stroke patients to therapy. PARK7 and nucleoside diphosphate kinase A (NDKA) are increased in human postmortem cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), a model of global brain insult, suggesting that measurement in CSF and, more importantly, in plasma may be(More)
In this study, we developed a digitizing tablet-based instrument for the clinical assessment of human voluntary movements targeting motor processes of planning, programming and execution. The tool was used to investigate an adaptation of Fitts' reciprocal tapping task [10], comprising four conditions, each of them modulated by three indices of difficulty(More)
Based on the hypothesis that rhythmical, tremor-like movements produced by normal subjects might be influenced by similar central oscillatory neuronal networks believed to determine the features of the pathologic tremors of Parkinson's disease (PD) or Essential Tremor (ET) patients, we examined the neurophysiological characteristics of a tremor mimicked by(More)
The aim of our study was to establish the contribution of distinct pathological aggregates (cortical Lewy bodies (LB), neuronal tau-inclusions and β-amyloid plaque (Aβ) deposition) in dementia related to Parkinson's disease (PD) in a large autopsy cohort. We studied the brains of 155 PD patients, 109 of whom were clinically demented. The total LB score, the(More)
Despite decades of intensive investigations, the precise sequence of molecular events and the specific proteins mediating the degenerative process underlying Parkinson's disease (PD) remain unraveled. Proteomic strategies may provide unbiased tools to identify novel candidates and explore original mechanisms involved in PD. Substantia nigra pars compacta(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) patients may complain of unsteadiness and impaired balance not only when OFF, but also while being ON with levodopa-induced dyskinesia (LID), yet influence of LID upon postural stability has not been specifically examined. In this study, we addressed this issue using static and dynamic posturography in patients with advanced PD and(More)