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An ambulatory gait analysis method using body-attached gyroscopes to estimate spatio-temporal parameters of gait has been proposed and validated against a reference system for normal and pathologic gait. Later, ten Parkinson's disease (PD) patients with subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS) implantation participated in gait measurements using(More)
An ambulatory system for quantification of tremor and bradykinesia in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) is presented. To record movements of the upper extremities, a sensing units which included miniature gyroscopes, has been fixed to each of the forearms. An algorithm to detect and quantify tremor and another algorithm to quantify bradykinesia have(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the reappearance of the clinical signs of PD when subthalamic nucleus (STN) deep brain stimulation (DBS) was turned off. METHOD The authors studied 35 patients treated with STN DBS 6.7 +/- 3.3 months (mean +/- SD) after implantation. All were clinically improved. Twenty-four had not required any antiparkinsonian medication for many(More)
OBJECTIVE To report the study of a multigenerational Swiss family with dopa-responsive dystonia (DRD). METHODS Clinical investigation was made of available family members, including historical and chart reviews. Subject examinations were video recorded. Genetic analysis included a genome-wide linkage study with microsatellite markers (STR), GTP(More)
A new ambulatory method of monitoring physical activities in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients is proposed based on a portable data-logger with three body-fixed inertial sensors. A group of ten PD patients treated with subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS) and ten normal control subjects followed a protocol of typical daily activities and the(More)
The authors observed a high rate of suicide (6/140 patients, 4.3%) in a large cohort of patients with movement disorders treated with deep brain stimulation (DBS). Apparent risk factors included a previous history of severe depression and multiple successive DBS surgeries, whereas there was no relationship with the underlying condition, DBS target,(More)
Orthostatic hypotension (OH) is one of the many autonomic disturbances observed in Parkinson's disease (PD). It has been debated whether an additional impairment of cerebral autoregulation (CA) in PD patients may exacerbate the consequences of OH upon brain perfusion. We assessed CA in PD patients and the potential influence of dopaminergic agents. CA was(More)
The aim of our study was to establish the contribution of distinct pathological aggregates (cortical Lewy bodies (LB), neuronal tau-inclusions and β-amyloid plaque (Aβ) deposition) in dementia related to Parkinson's disease (PD) in a large autopsy cohort. We studied the brains of 155 PD patients, 109 of whom were clinically demented. The total LB score, the(More)
Gait analysis methods to estimate spatiotemporal measures, based on two, three or four gyroscopes attached on lower limbs have been discussed in the literature. The most common approach to reduce the number of sensing units is to simplify the underlying biomechanical gait model. In this study, we propose a novel method based on prediction of movements of(More)
OBJECTIVES To diagnose Parkinson disease (PD) at the individual level using pattern recognition of brain susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI). METHODS We analysed brain SWI in 36 consecutive patients with Parkinsonism suggestive of PD who had (1) SWI at 3 T, (2) brain (123)I-ioflupane SPECT and (3) extensive neurological testing including follow-up (16(More)