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Galanin may act in the regulation of reproduction and feeding behaviour through a direct action on arcuate nucleus (ARC) neurones but evidence for a postsynaptic action is absent. The effects of rat galanin(1-29) on rat ARC neurones were examined during recordings with biocytin-filled sharp microelectrodes from brain slices. Neurones were subsequently(More)
BACKGROUND The scavenger receptors are cell-surface receptors for native and modified lipoproteins that play a critical role in the accumulation of lipids by macrophages. CLA-1/SR-BI binds HDL with high affinity and is involved in the cholesterol reverse-transport pathway. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are transcription factors(More)
It is becoming increasingly apparent that non-neuronal cells play a critical role in generating and regulating the flow of information within the brain. Among these non-neuronal cells, astroglial cells have been shown to play important roles in the control of both synaptic transmission and neurosecretion. In addition to modulating neuronal activity,(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is involved in neurohormonal secretion from median eminence neuroendocrine nerve terminals. We report that stimulation of NO release from median eminence fragments including vascular tissues occurs by mu3 receptor activation by morphine, or by cannabinoid type 1 receptor activation by anandamide. The released levels of NO are lower after(More)
BACKGROUND In humans, fibrates are frequently used normolipidemic drugs. Fibrates act by regulating genes involved in lipoprotein metabolism via activation of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha (PPARalpha) in liver. In rodents, however, fibrates induce a peroxisome proliferation, leading to hepatomegaly and possibly hepatocarcinogenesis.(More)
There is evidence that the motor cortex is involved in cardiovascular adjustments associated with somatic motor activity, as it has functional connections with the ventrolateral medulla, a brainstem region critically involved in the control of blood pressure and the regulation of plasma catecholamine levels. The ventrolateral medulla sends projections to(More)
Whole-cell current-clamp recordings in guinea-pig brain slices were used to assess the effect of the novel antiepileptic drug levetiracetam (LEV; Keppra) on the gamma-aminobutyric acid-A (GABA(A)) responses evoked by exogenous applications of the agonists GABA and muscimol on hypothalamic neurones. LEV (40 microM) had no direct effect on GABA(A) responses(More)
The activation of nitric oxide (NO) signaling pathways in hypothalamic neurons plays a key role in the control of GnRH secretion that is central to reproductive function. It is unknown whether NO directly modulates the firing behavior of GnRH neurons in the preoptic region of the mature brain. Using patch-clamp recordings from GnRH neurons expressing green(More)
The lateral septum participates in a variety of functions involving the hypothalamus. The present study investigated the effect of an electrical stimulation of the mediolateral part of the lateral septum on the expression of Fos in the hypothalamic nuclei by using immunohistochemical methods in anaesthetised and free-moving rats. We analysed in another(More)
The immunoperoxidase technique was used on adjacent sections of guinea-pig brain to compare precisely the distribution of estrogen receptor-immunoreactive cells and progesterone receptor-immunoreactive cells in the supraoptic nucleus and the paraventricular nucleus. Only estrogen receptor-immunoreactive neurons were found in the supraoptic nucleus. A large(More)