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Galanin may act in the regulation of reproduction and feeding behaviour through a direct action on arcuate nucleus (ARC) neurones but evidence for a postsynaptic action is absent. The effects of rat galanin(1-29) on rat ARC neurones were examined during recordings with biocytin-filled sharp microelectrodes from brain slices. Neurones were subsequently(More)
It is becoming increasingly apparent that non-neuronal cells play a critical role in generating and regulating the flow of information within the brain. Among these non-neuronal cells, astroglial cells have been shown to play important roles in the control of both synaptic transmission and neurosecretion. In addition to modulating neuronal activity,(More)
BACKGROUND In humans, fibrates are frequently used normolipidemic drugs. Fibrates act by regulating genes involved in lipoprotein metabolism via activation of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha (PPARalpha) in liver. In rodents, however, fibrates induce a peroxisome proliferation, leading to hepatomegaly and possibly hepatocarcinogenesis.(More)
There is evidence that the motor cortex is involved in cardiovascular adjustments associated with somatic motor activity, as it has functional connections with the ventrolateral medulla, a brainstem region critically involved in the control of blood pressure and the regulation of plasma catecholamine levels. The ventrolateral medulla sends projections to(More)
Whole-cell current-clamp recordings in guinea-pig brain slices were used to assess the effect of the novel antiepileptic drug levetiracetam (LEV; Keppra) on the gamma-aminobutyric acid-A (GABA(A)) responses evoked by exogenous applications of the agonists GABA and muscimol on hypothalamic neurones. LEV (40 microM) had no direct effect on GABA(A) responses(More)
The lateral septum participates in a variety of functions involving the hypothalamus. The present study investigated the effect of an electrical stimulation of the mediolateral part of the lateral septum on the expression of Fos in the hypothalamic nuclei by using immunohistochemical methods in anaesthetised and free-moving rats. We analysed in another(More)
BACKGROUND The scavenger receptors are cell-surface receptors for native and modified lipoproteins that play a critical role in the accumulation of lipids by macrophages. CLA-1/SR-BI binds HDL with high affinity and is involved in the cholesterol reverse-transport pathway. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are transcription factors(More)
When dehydroepiandrosterone (D), its ester sulphate (DS) and pregnenolone sulphate (PS) were applied iontophoretically or by pressure to neurones in the septo-preoptic area, an excitatory effect was observed. DS and PS, applied on the same neurone, always produced a similar effect. When DS and D were tested, some neurones were excited by both steroids(More)
The immunoperoxidase technique was used on adjacent sections of guinea-pig brain to compare precisely the distribution of estrogen receptor-immunoreactive cells and progesterone receptor-immunoreactive cells in the supraoptic nucleus and the paraventricular nucleus. Only estrogen receptor-immunoreactive neurons were found in the supraoptic nucleus. A large(More)
This paper will discuss experiments dedicated to the exploration of pathways linking the sensorimotor cortex (SMC) and the main bulbar nuclei involved in cardiovascular control: the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS), the dorsal nucleus of the vagus (DMV) and the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM). Results obtained through neurofunctional and(More)