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A variety of synthetic analogues of taxol, a naturally occurring antitumor diterpene, were examined for their potency to inhibit microtubule disassembly. For some of the compounds, the in vitro cytotoxic properties showed a good correlation with the tubulin assay. This structure-activity relationship study shows that inhibition of microtubule disassembly is(More)
Psychrotrophic bacteria are capable of developing over a wide temperature range and they can grow at temperatures close to or below freezing. This ability requires specific adaptative strategies in order to maintain membrane fluidity, the continuance of their metabolic activities, and protein synthesis at low temperature. A cold-shock response has been(More)
We characterized the changes in nitric oxide (NO) levels in the brain during global forebrain ischemia and reperfusion and tested the ability of the natural flavonoid, quercetin, and a synthetic flavonoid, FB277, to increase the amount of available NO by elimination of the superoxide radicals produced during reperfusion. In Sprague-Dawley rats, we used a(More)
The in vitro disassembly of microtubules from mammalian brain and Physarum is inhibited by various derivatives of taxol and baccatine III. Structure-activity relationships of the taxol derivatives were identical for both mammalian brain and Physarum microtubules. This observation suggests that the site of action of taxol has been preserved during the(More)
The chemical nature of the messenger molecule, nitric oxide (NO), and especially its reactivity towards thiol groups and disulfides, could explain, at least partly, its intervention in so many different biological processes. NO can be regarded as the smallest molecule suitable for electron transport in biological systems. The S-nitrosation reaction and its(More)
The tetrapeptide N-Acetyl-Ser-Asp-Lys-Pro (AcSDKP), an inhibitor of haematopoietic stem cell proliferation, reduces in vivo and in vitro the damage to the stem cell compartment resulting from treatment with chemotherapeutic agents or ionizing radiations. In order to provide new molecules likely to improve the myeloprotection displayed by this tetrapeptide,(More)
beta-Carboline-3-carboxylic acid ethyl ester (beta-CCE) was tested on two models of epilepsy in the baboon: kainic acid-induced limbic status epilepticus and photosensitive epilepsy. Beta-CCE, at very low doses ranging from 8 to 100 microgram/kg (i.v.), induced a reactivation of the limbic focus and photomyoclonic and generalized seizures in photosensitive(More)