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Glucose and other reducing sugars react with proteins by a nonenzymatic, posttranslational modification process called nonenzymatic glycation. The formation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) on connective tissue and matrix components accounts largely for the increase in collagen crosslinking that accompanies normal aging and which occurs at an(More)
Neutral endopeptidase inhibitors (NEPI) potentiate the hypotensive effect of converting enzyme inhibitors (CEI) in conscious spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) but the mechanism of this potentiation remains unknown. The present study assesses the hemodynamic effects of a CEI (enalaprilat 1 mg/kg; n = 9), a NEPI (retrothiorphan 25 mg/kg + 25 mg/kg/h; n =(More)
The accumulation of advanced glycosylation end-products (AGEs) on collagen and the subsequent stiffening of this matrix protein in diabetes has been described many years ago. Structural modification of collagen in the arterial wall might have important effects on arterial elasticity. Aminoguanidine is known to decrease the formation of AGEs. In this study(More)
Angiotensin II (Ang II) is both a vasoactive and a potent growth-promoting factor for vascular smooth muscle cells. Little is known about the in vivo contribution of AT1 and AT2 receptor activation to the biological action of Ang II. Therefore, we investigated the effect of AT1 or AT2 subtype receptor chronic blockade by losartan or PD123319 on the vascular(More)
The consequences of hypertension and aging on cardiovascular structure and function are reputed to be similar, suggesting that blood pressure plays a role in the aging process. However, the exact relationship between aging, blood pressure, and the arterial structure-function relationship has not been demonstrated. To test the effects of aging,(More)
Aging is associated with cardiac hypertrophy and arterial stiffening possibly associated with accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs). We evaluated the effect of aminoguanidine, an inhibitor of AGE production, on end-stage alterations of renal and cardiovascular systems. Normotensive WAG/Rij rats were treated from 24 to 30 mo with(More)
The effects of chronic increase in aortic blood flow on arterial wall remodeling were investigated in vivo with the use of an aortocaval fistula (ACF) model in rats. Phasic hemodynamics and aortic wall structure upstream and downstream in 30 male Wistar rats with ACF and 30 sham-operated rats were compared immediately and 2 mo after the ACF was opened in(More)
The intermediate filament vimentin might play a key role in vascular resistance to mechanical stress. We investigated the responses to pressure (tensile stress) and flow (shear stress) of mesenteric resistance arteries perfused in vitro from vimentin knockout mice. Arteries were isolated from homozygous (Vim-/-, n = 14) or heterozygous vimentin-null mice(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to investigate the role of angiotensin II-induced potentiation of the alpha 1-adrenergic contractile response in the aetiology of low-dose angiotensin II-induced hypertension. METHODS Wistar rats (250g) received angiotensin II (120 ng/kg per min) from subcutaneous minipumps for 21 days. The responses of vaso-active(More)
The effect of hypertension and of therapy by converting enzyme inhibitor (S 9490-3, perindopril) on the function and structure of large arteries has been studied in two-kidney, one-clip Goldblatt hypertensive rats. After one month without treatment, clipped hypertensive rats (n = 24) and sham-operated rats (n = 24) were randomly allocated to treatment by S(More)