Pierre Paul Rompré

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While the evidence is strong that dopamine plays some fundamental and special role in the rewarding effects of brain stimulation, psychomotor stimulants, opiates, and food, the exact nature of that role is not clear. One thing is clear: Dopamine is not the only reward transmitter, and dopaminergic neurons are not the final common path for all rewards.(More)
Eleven rats were trained to press a lever in an operant chamber in order to earn rewarding trains of cathodal rectangular pulses of fixed intensity and variable frequency. The rate-frequency functions were examined under administration of two neuroleptics (pimozide and chlorpromazine) and three manipulations that interfered with bar pressing (muscular(More)
Dual-probe microdialysis (with HPLC and electrochemical detection) in freely moving rats and single-unit recording in anesthetized rats were used to study the extent to which impulse flow through the ventral tegmental area (VTA) contributes to elevations in nucleus accumbens (NAS) dopamine (DA) evoked by stimulation of the ventral subiculum (VS). During(More)
Electrophysiological studies have shown that chronic treatment with haloperidol causes depolarization block (DB) of dopamine cells in anesthetized and paralyzed rats. It has been proposed that the emergence of DB underlies the therapeutic and side effects of this drug. However, the relevance of DB to the clinical actions of haloperidol has been questioned(More)
Injection of morphine into the ventral tegmental area (but not dorsal to it) induced a dose-dependent decrease in the frequency threshold for midline metencephalic brain stimulation reward. Facilitating doses of ventral tegmental morphine also reversed, in 4 of 6 animals, the threshold-increasing effects of pimozide (0.35 mg/kg, i.p.). This reversal was(More)
This study was aimed at determining whether midbrain dopamine (DA) neurons are trans-synaptically activated by rewarding electrical stimulation applied near the midline in the posterior mesencephalon (PM), and in the affirmative, whether the increase in firing was proportional to the rewarding effectiveness of the stimulation. Experiments were performed on(More)
Psychophysical studies have shown that the directly activated neurons subserving the rewarding effect produced by electrical stimulation of the medial forebrain bundle (MFB) have refractory periods (RPs) shorter than those of dopaminergic (DA) neurons: this suggests that the directly stimulated substrate for the rewarding effect does not include DA neurons.(More)
With the use of moveable electrodes, 28 rat mesencephalic sites were examined for self-stimulation behavior (SS). The relative importance of each site in SS was established according to (1) a traditional method which consists of comparing sites based on the rates of responding (2) a psychophysical procedure based on the pulse frequency required at each site(More)
Effects of repeated intracerebroventricular microinjections of 18 nmol/10 microl of neurotensin, [D-Tyr11]neurotensin, or saline were tested on motor activity in different groups of rats. One week after the fourth central injection, sensitivity to the behavioral stimulant effect of amphetamine (1 mg/kg, i.p.) was tested. As previously reported, neurotensin(More)
Psychophysically derived estimates of recovery from refractoriness were obtained at self-stimulation sites in the lateral hypothalamus and ventral tegmental area. The refractory periods of single units driven by the same stimulation electrodes and stimulation fields were then measured electrophysiologically. Antidromically driven units with refractory(More)