Pierre Panine

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Muscle force results from the interaction of the globular heads of myosin-II with actin filaments. We studied the structure-function relationship in the myosin motor in contracting muscle fibers by using temperature jumps or length steps combined with time-resolved, low-angle X-ray diffraction. Both perturbations induced simultaneous changes in the active(More)
A shortening muscle is a machine that converts metabolic energy into mechanical work, but, when a muscle is stretched, it acts as a brake, generating a high resistive force at low metabolic cost. The braking action of muscle can be activated with remarkable speed, as when the leg extensor muscles rapidly decelerate the body at the end of a jump. Here we(More)
Cellulase Cel45 from Humicola insolens has a modular structure with a catalytic module and a cellulose-binding module (CBM) separated by a 36 amino acid, glycosylated, linker peptide. The solution conformation of the entire two domain Cel45 protein as well as the effect of the length and flexibility of the linker on the spatial arrangement of the(More)
F-actin gels of increasing concentrations (25-300 microM) display in vitro a progressive onset of birefringence due to orientational ordering of actin filaments. At F-actin concentrations <100 microM, this birefringence can be erased and restored at will by sonication and gentle flow, respectively. Hence, the orientational ordering does not result from a(More)
The structural properties of the linker peptide connecting the cellulose-binding module to the catalytic module in bimodular cellulases have been investigated by small-angle x-ray scattering. Since the linker and the cellulose-binding module are relatively small and cannot be readily detected separately, the conformation of the linker was studied by means(More)
Muscle contraction is driven by a change in the structure of the head domain of myosin, the "working stroke" that pulls the actin filaments toward the midpoint of the myosin filaments. This movement of the myosin heads can be measured very precisely in intact muscle cells by X-ray interference, but until now this technique has not been applied to(More)
The route by which amphiphilic molecules self-assemble into micelles is still not fully understood. In this Letter, we present direct structural information on the birth and growth of block copolymer micelles by means of synchrotron x-ray scattering with millisecond time resolution. Using a quantitative model, we show that the self-assembly process can be(More)
The structural evolution of regenerated Bombyx mori silk fibroin during shearing with a Couette cell has been studied in situ by synchrotron radiation small- and wide-angle x-ray scattering techniques. An elongation of fibroin molecules was observed with increasing shear rate, followed by an aggregation phase. The aggregates were found to be amorphous with(More)
TiO2 rutile nanorods of average length L = 160 +/- 40 nm and average diameter D = 15 +/- 5 nm have been synthesized through a seed-mediated growth process by TiCl4 hydrolysis in concentrated acidic solution. These nanorods were dispersed in water to yield stable (aggregation-free) colloidal aqueous suspensions. At volume fractions phi > 3%, the suspensions(More)
A tube-in-square-pipe microfluidic glass cell has been developed for studying the aggregation and fiber formation from regenerated silk solution by in-situ small-angle X-ray scattering using synchrotron radiation. Acidification-induced aggregation has been observed close to the mixing point of the fibroin and buffer solution. The fibrous, amorphous material(More)