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As a result of age-associated thymic atrophy, T cell production declines with age. Some studies suggest that production undergoes an exponential decline starting at birth, while others consider the decline to be in a biphasic manner with a rapid reduction in output occurring before middle age followed by a phase in which output declines at a regular, albeit(More)
OBJECTIVE STOPP-START is a screening tool for detecting inappropriate prescriptions in older people. Recently validated in its English-language version, it is a reliable and easy-to-use tool, allowing assessment of prescription drugs often described as inappropriate (STOPP) or unnecessarily underused (START) in this population. An adaptation of the tool(More)
OBJECTIVES To identify early markers of prolonged hospital stays in older people in acute hospitals. DESIGN A prospective, multicenter study. SETTING Nine hospitals in France. PARTICIPANTS One thousand three hundred six patients aged 75 and older were hospitalized through an emergency department (Sujet Agé Fragile: Evaluation et suivi (SAFEs)--Frail(More)
Because of their central role orchestrating the immune response, the decrease in repertoire number and diversity of naïve T-cells is a significant feature of immnosenescence. Reflecting the effective naive T-cell pool, quantifying the sj-TREC ratio (number of signal joint T-cell receptor excision circles/10(5) T-cells) in blood samples suffers however from(More)
PURPOSE Potentially inappropriate prescribing is common in older people presenting to hospital with acute illness in Ireland. The aim of this study was to determine if this phenomenon is unique to Ireland or whether it is a more widespread problem in hospitals across Europe. METHODS Prospective data were collected from 900 consecutive older patients(More)
Frailty has long been considered synonymous with disability and comorbidity, to be highly prevalent in old age and to confer a high risk for falls, hospitalization and mortality. However, it is becoming recognized that frailty may be a distinct clinical syndrome with a biological basis. The frailty process appears to be a transitional state in the dynamic(More)
BACKGROUND In France, there is evidence to suggest that 50% of elderly individuals are prescribed psychotropic medications. However, it is known that use of these agents increases the risk of falls, fractures and delirium in older people. OBJECTIVE To study the consumption of 'potentially inappropriate medication' (PIM) among patients aged>or=75 years,(More)
Geriatric pharmacotherapy represents one of the biggest achievements of modern medical interventions. However, geriatric pharmacotherapy is a complex process that encompasses not only drug prescribing but also age-appropriate drug development and manufacturing, appropriate drug testing in clinical trials, rational and safe prescribing, reliable(More)
OBJECTIVE the study aimed to determine the prevalence of and risk factors for inappropriate prescribing (IP) and prescribing omission (PO) in elderly with mental co-morbidities. PARTICIPANTS One hundred fifty consecutive inpatients with mental co-morbidities hospitalised for acute medical illness (mean age 80 +/- 9, 70% of women) were considered for the(More)