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BACKGROUND Pediatric onset mastocytosis usually presents as urticaria pigmentosa; and less often as diffuse cutaneous mastocytosis. While the literature indicates that disease often resolves, there has been a move to more aggressive therapy for mastocytosis early in life. We addressed the long term prognosis of pediatric-onset disease by examining 17(More)
Forty-three patients with plasma cell leukemia were seen at the Mayo Clinic. Twenty-five (58 percent) had primary plasma cell leukemia (diagnosis first made in the leukemic phase) and 18 (42 percent) had secondary plasma cell leukemia (leukemic transformation of a previously diagnosed multiple myeloma). Patients with secondary plasma cell leukemia were(More)
We studied the distribution of HLA-D--related (DRw) antigens in 40 patients with juvenile diabetes mellitus (JDM) and 79 matched controls. We found that DRw2 was significantly decreased in the JDM group, suggesting a protective effect of the antigen and that the decrease observed in B7 was secondary. HLA-DRw3 and HLA-DRw4 were increased in the diabetic(More)
The design and evaluation of therapies for the sickle cell and beta-thalassemia syndromes rely on our understanding of hemoglobin accumulation during human erythropoiesis. Here we report direct measurements of hemoglobin composition and messenger RNA (mRNA) levels in cultured CD34(+) cells and correlate those measurements with studies of freshly obtained(More)
PURPOSE Interleukin-7 (IL-7) has critical and nonredundant roles in T-cell development, hematopoiesis, and postdevelopmental immune functions as a prototypic homeostatic cytokine. Based on a large body of preclinical evidence, it may have multiple therapeutic applications in immunodeficiency states, either physiologic (immunosenescence), pathologic (HIV),(More)
Cerebellar abscess induced by a contiguous dermal sinus is a rare event. In a large series of acute posterior fossa abscedation, otogenic suppuration is the cause in 93% of the cases, while hematogenous infection is infrequent, probably because of the relatively weak bloodflow in this part of the central nervous system. The authors present an occipital(More)
Myelofibrosis with myeloid metaplasia (MMM) is a clinicopathologic entity characterized by stem cell-derived clonal myeloproliferation, ineffective erythropoiesis, extramedullary hematopoiesis, and bone marrow fibrosis and osteosclerosis. Patients with MMM have shortened survival and their quality of life is compromised by progressive anemia, marked(More)
A favorable prognosis and a low rate of leukemic transformation has been attributed to the 5q- syndrome, a myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) characterized by macrocytic anemia, hypolobulated micromegakaryocytic hyperplasia, and an interstitial deletion of chromosome 5. We examined the characteristics and outcome of 43 consecutive patients in our institution(More)
We recently described a subset of patients with a myeloproliferative variant of hypereosinophilic syndrome (MHES) characterized by elevated serum tryptase levels, increased atypical mast cells in the bone marrow, tissue fibrosis, and the presence of the fusion tyrosine kinase, FIP1L1-PDGFRalpha, which is a therapeutic target of imatinib mesylate. Seven(More)
Since serum tryptase levels are elevated in some patients with myeloproliferative disorders, we examined their utility in identifying a subset of patients with hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES) and an underlying myeloproliferative disorder. Elevated serum tryptase levels (> 11.5 ng/mL) were present in 9 of 15 patients with HES and were associated with other(More)