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AIM OF THE STUDY This study investigated the possible connection between serum cholesterol levels and platelet serotonin (5-HT) content in violent suicide attempters and matched controls. METHODS Blood samples for cholesterol and platelet 5-HT levels were obtained from 17 drug-free patients within 3 days after the suicide attempt. RESULTS Serum(More)
The effects of short-term serotonin (5-HT) depletion by p-chlorophenylalanine (PCPA) on the firing activity of dorsal raphe nucleus 5-HT neurons, on the responsiveness of dorsal hippocampus pyramidal neurons to microiontophoretically applied 5-HT and on the efficacy of the electrical stimulation of the ascending 5-HT pathway in suppressing the firing(More)
With the aim of exploring relationships between the chemical structure and the physico-chemical properties of amphiphilic beta-cyclodextrin, a reappraisal of the obtaining of pure heptakis (2,3-di-O-hexanoyl)-beta-cyclodextrin (beta-CDC(6)) was undertaken. In this paper the chemical characterization of the newly synthesized beta-CDC(6) and its ability to(More)
The cytoplasmic delivery of drugs encapsulated into pH-sensitive liposomes is under the control of a lamellar-to-hexagonal transition. In a previous study, under anhydrous conditions, oligonucleotides (ODN) encapsulated in pH-sensitive liposomes composed of dioleoylphosphatidylethanolamine (DOPE)/oleic acid (OA)/cholesterol (CHOL) were shown to modify the(More)
BACKGROUND We studied CSF 5-HIAA and HVA concentrations in violent suicide attempters and examined their relationship with depression, anxiety, and impulsivity. METHODS CSF 5-HIAA and HVA concentrations were determined very shortly after hospital admission and compared to those of a matched control population. Clinical evaluation was performed(More)
Crystallization of triacylglycerols (TG) within milk fat globules of creams is studied with an instrument coupling time-resolved synchrotron X-ray diffraction (XRDT) at both small and wide angles and high-sensitivity differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) at cooling rates of -3 and -1 degrees C/min from 60 to -10 degrees C and compared to that of the(More)
In this paper we have investigated via x-ray diffraction the influence of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), known for its biological and therapeutic properties, on the structure of lipid membranes of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) in excess of the solvent (DMSO/water) at mole DMSO fractions XDMSO in (0.1) and under equilibrium conditions. At small XDMSO </=(More)
The crystallization behavior of anhydrous milk fat has been examined with a new instrument coupling time-resolved synchrotron x-ray diffraction as a function of temperature (XRDT) at both small and wide angles and high-sensitivity differential scanning calorimetry. Crystallizations were monitored at cooling rates of 3 and 1 degrees C/ min from 60 to -10(More)
The structural modifications of the dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) organization induced by increasing concentration of the volatile anesthetic enflurane have been studied by differential scanning calorimetry, small-angle, and wide-angle x-ray scattering. The interaction of enflurane with DPPC depends on at least two factors: the enflurane-to-lipid(More)