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Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR), involved in cystic fibrosis (CF), is a chloride channel belonging to the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) superfamily. Using the experimental structure of Sav1866 as template, we previously modeled the human CFTR structure, including membrane-spanning domains (MSD) and nucleotide-binding domains (NBD),(More)
In absence of experimental 3D structures, several homology models, based on ABC exporter 3D structures, have provided significant insights into the molecular mechanisms underlying the function of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) protein, a chloride channel whose defects are associated with cystic fibrosis (CF). Until now, these(More)
Since recombinant viral vectors have been associated with serious side effects, such as immunogenicity and oncogenicity, synthetic delivery systems represent a realistic alternative for achieving efficacy in gene therapy. A major challenge for non-viral nanocarriers is the optimization of transgene expression in the targeted cells. This goal can be achieved(More)
The ex vivo approach to hepatic gene therapy involves several steps, which include the isolation and culture of hepatocytes, followed by their transduction with a retrovirus. Subsequently, autologous hepatocytes are transplanted. The number of hepatocytes that can be transduced by retroviruses bearing the therapeutic gene is one of the limiting steps that(More)
Various pulmonary disorders, including cystic fibrosis, are potentially amenable to a treatment modality in which a therapeutic gene is directly delivered to the lung. Current gene delivery systems, either viral or nonviral, need further improvement in terms of efficiency and safety. We reported that nonionic amphiphilic block copolymers hold promise as(More)
The species-specific pattern of cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) expression was investigated in order to identify species closely related to man which can be used as potential cystic fibrosis (CF) animal models. To this purpose, the nucleotide sequences of the CFTR promoter region of eight mammalian species representing four(More)
In an effort to enhance the gene-transfer efficiencies of cationic lipids and to decrease their toxicities, a series of new phosphoramidate lipids with chemical similarity to cell membrane phospholipids was synthesised. These lipids contained various cationic headgroups, such as arginine methyl ester, lysine methyl ester, homoarginine methyl ester,(More)
Chemical vectors are widely developed for providing safe DNA delivery systems. It is well admitted that their endocytosis and intracellular trafficking are critical for the transfection efficiency. Here, we have compared the endocytic pathways of lipoplexes, polyplexes and lipopolyplexes formed with carriers of various chemical compositions. Engineered(More)
BACKGROUND Neutral amphiphilic triblock copolymers have been shown to be efficient for gene transfection in vivo, especially by direct injection into the muscle. To contribute to a better understanding of the underlying mechanisms, in the present study, we investigated the properties of a poly(ethylene oxide-b-4-vinylpyridine) diblock copolymer as vector(More)
RNA interference requires efficient delivery of small double-stranded RNA molecules into the target cells and their subsequent incorporation into RNA-induced silencing complexes. Although current cationic lipids commonly used for DNA transfection have also been used for siRNA transfection, a clear need still exists for better siRNA delivery to improve the(More)