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Discrete high-frequency oscillations (HFOs) in the range of 100-500 Hz have previously been recorded in human epileptic brains using depth microelectrodes. We describe for the first time similar oscillations in a cohort of unselected focal epileptic patients implanted with EEG macroelectrodes. Spectral analysis and visual inspection techniques were used to(More)
PURPOSE High-frequency oscillations (HFOs) known as ripples (80-250 Hz) and fast ripples (250-500 Hz) can be recorded from macroelectrodes inserted in patients with intractable focal epilepsy. They are most likely linked to epileptogenesis and have been found in the seizure onset zone (SOZ) of human ictal and interictal recordings. HFOs occur frequently at(More)
EEG-fMRI is a non-invasive technique that allows the investigation of epileptogenic networks in patients with epilepsy. Lately, BOLD changes occurring before the spike were found in patients with generalized epilepsy. The study of metabolic changes preceding spikes might improve our knowledge of spike generation. We tested this hypothesis in patients with(More)
Current resting-state network analysis often looks for coherent spontaneous BOLD signal fluctuations at frequencies below 0.1 Hz in a multiple-minutes scan. However hemodynamic signal variation can occur at a faster rate, causing changes in functional connectivity at a smaller time scale. In this study we proposed to use MREG technique to increase the(More)
Epileptic seizures are due to abnormal synchronized neuronal discharges. Techniques measuring electrical changes are commonly used to analyze seizures. Neuronal activity can be also defined by concomitant hemodynamic and metabolic changes. Simultaneous electroencephalogram (EEG)-functional MRI (fMRI) measures noninvasively with a high-spatial resolution(More)
PURPOSE Absences are characterized by an abrupt onset and end of generalized 3-4 Hz spike and wave discharges (GSWs), accompanied by unresponsiveness. Although previous electroencephalography-functional magnetic resonance imaging (EEG-fMRI) studies showed that thalamus, default mode areas, and caudate nuclei are involved in absence seizures, the(More)
INTRODUCTION Seizures occur rarely during EEG-fMRI acquisitions of epilepsy patients, but can potentially offer a better estimation of the epileptogenic zone than interictal activity. Independent component analysis (ICA) is a data-driven method that imposes minimal constraints on the hemodynamic response function (HRF). In particular, the investigation of(More)
PURPOSE High-frequency activity has been recorded with intracerebral microelectrodes in epileptic patients and related to seizure genesis. Our goal was to analyze high-frequency activity recorded with electroencephalograph (EEG) macroelectrodes during the slow wave immediately following interictal spikes, given the potential importance of this presumed(More)
OBJECTIVE To devise an automated system to remove artifacts from ictal scalp EEG, using independent component analysis (ICA). METHODS A Bayesian classifier was used to determine the probability that 2s epochs of seizure segments decomposed by ICA represented EEG activity, as opposed to artifact. The classifier was trained using numerous statistical,(More)
High frequency oscillations (HFOs) called ripples (80-250 Hz) and fast ripples (FR, 250-500 Hz) can be recorded from intracerebral EEG macroelectrodes in patients with intractable epilepsy. HFOs occur predominantly in the seizure onset zone (SOZ) but their relationship to the underlying pathology is unknown. It was the aim of this study to investigate(More)