Pierre Launay

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Free ADP-ribose (ADPR), a product of NAD hydrolysis and a breakdown product of the calcium-release second messenger cyclic ADPR (cADPR), has no defined role as an intracellular signalling molecule in vertebrate systems. Here we show that a 350-amino-acid protein (designated NUDT9) and a homologous domain (NUDT9 homology domain) near the carboxy terminus of(More)
Calcium-activated nonselective (CAN) cation channels are expressed in various excitable and nonexcitable cells supporting important cellular responses such as neuronal bursting activity, fluid secretion, and cardiac rhythmicity. We have cloned and characterized a second form of TRPM4, TRPM4b, a member of the TRP channel family, as a molecular candidate of a(More)
Serum IgA is considered a discrete housekeeper of the immune system with multiple anti-inflammatory functions, whereas IgA-immune complexes mediate inflammatory responses. Here, we identify FcalphaRI as a molecular device that determines the nature of IgA responses. In the absence of sustained aggregation, receptor targeting by serum IgA or anti-FcalphaRI(More)
IgA nephropathy (IgAN) is associated with increased serum IgA1 and IgA1-immune complexes (IC). As Fc alpha receptors (Fc alpha R) are candidate molecules to regulate IgA levels, increased receptor occupation by IgA1 prompted us to study the expression of Fc alpha R on blood cells of IgAN patients. Surface and cytoplasmic Fc alpha R expression were markedly(More)
The pathogenesis of immunoglobulin A (IgA) nephropathy (IgAN), the most prevalent form of glomerulonephritis worldwide, involves circulating macromolecular IgA1 complexes. However, the molecular mechanism(s) of the disease remain poorly understood. We report here the presence of circulating soluble FcalphaR (CD89)-IgA complexes in patients with IgAN.(More)
BACKGROUND The Wnt/beta-catenin and cAMP signaling pathways play an important role in adrenal cortex tumorigenesis. Somatic activating mutations of the beta-catenin gene (CTNNB1) are the most frequent genetic defects identified both in adrenocortical adenomas (ACAs) and adrenocortical cancers (ACCs). PRKAR1A mutations leading to cAMP pathway dysregulation(More)
Sepsis, a leading cause of death worldwide, involves proinflammatory responses and inefficient bacterial clearance. Phagocytic cells play a crucial part in the prevention of sepsis by clearing bacteria through host innate receptors. Here we show that the FcRgamma adaptor, an immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (ITAM)-bearing signal transduction(More)
IgA is the most abundant immunoglobulin in mucosal areas but is only the second most common antibody isotype in serum because it is catabolized faster than IgG. IgA exists in monomeric and polymeric forms that function through receptors expressed on effector cells. Here, we show that IgA Fc receptor(s) (FcalphaR) are expressed with or without the gamma(More)
IgA Fc receptors (Fc alphaR) can mediate a variety of inflammatory responses. It has been demonstrated that the FcRgamma subunit is critical in mediating signaling through Fc alphaR. We show that aggregation of Fc alphaR on U937 cells and blood neutrophils results in tyrosine phosphorylation of several intracellular proteins, including the FcR gamma(More)
Dendritic cell (DC) maturation and migration are events critical for the initiation of immune responses. After encountering pathogens, DCs upregulate the expression of costimulatory molecules and subsequently migrate to secondary lymphoid organs. Calcium (Ca(2+)) entry governs the functions of many hematopoietic cell types, but the role of Ca(2+) entry in(More)