Pierre Lagadec

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In a previous work, a cell line (DHD/K12) was established from a colon adenocarcinoma induced in a BDIX rat by 1,2-dimethylhydrazine. From this line, two cloned sublines, PROb and REGb, were then isolated. When subcutaneously inoculated into syngeneic rats, PROb cells yield progressive tumors, whereas REGb cells yield tumors which regress. In this study, in(More)
The mechanisms of immunosuppression induced by colon cancer in rats were investigated at the systemic and tumor levels. During tumor growth (after i.p. injection of rat colon adenocarcinoma cells in syngeneic BD IX rats), Con A-induced proliferation of splenic mononuclear cells decreased and nitric oxide (NO) production by splenic macrophages increased(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) has been shown to inhibit the proliferation of lymphocytes. However, in tumour-bearing rats treated with the immunomodulator OM 163, the regressing nodules were heavily infiltrated by T lymphocytes, although they contained high levels of NO. We show here that NO, while inhibiting the proliferation of lymphocytes, increased their life-span,(More)
Simulating intrinsic deformation behaviors of guidewire and catheters for interventional radiology (IR) procedures, such as minimally invasive vascular interventions is a challenging task. Especially real-time simulations for interactive training systems require not only the accuracy of guidewire manipulations, but also the efficiency of computations. The(More)
The activity of the inducible nitric oxide synthase enzyme (iNOS) is tightly controlled, partly at the transcriptional level. We find NF-kappa B/Rel activation (p50-p50 and p50-p65) in RAW 264.7 macrophages after lipopolysaccharide treatment and binding to both NF-kappa B sites in the mouse iNOS promoter. To delineate the importance of NF-kappa B/Rel in(More)
Colon carcinoma is one of the most frequent causes of cancer death in industrialized countries. The patients generally die of the metastases. In a colon cancer rat model, the authors have shown that lipopolysaccharides from Escherichia coli induced the regression of carcinomatosis and cured 20%-30% of the rats. Some synthetic derivatives of lipid A, which(More)
The correlation between the activation of macrophages by lipopolysaccharides (LPS) from four different bacterial species and their antitumor effect in a rat model of colon cancer was investigated. The efficacy of LPS from Neisseria meningitidis (Nm), Salmonella minnesota (Sm), Escherichia coli (Ec) and Bordetella pertussis (Bp) was evaluated as the smallest(More)
The effects of cyclosporin-induced immunosuppression were assessed in a rat model of progressive and regressive colonic tumors. Two cloned cell variants, obtained from the same chemically induced colonic carcinoma, differ in their capacity to grow when injected into the syngeneic rat. PROb cells yield progressive tumors and often metastases; in contrast,(More)
Conventional and specific pathogen-free rat resident peritoneal macrophages were lytic to tumor cells in the presence of endotoxins even when not elicited or not stimulated in vivo or in vitro. In contrast, conventional mouse resident peritoneal macrophages were not cytolytic in the presence of endotoxins. The induction by endotoxins of rat(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) has been shown to down-regulate NO synthesis in a variety of normal cells. In the present study, we investigated the influence of TGF-beta1 upon NO production in tumor cells and its consequences for tumor development. During the growth of PROb colon carcinoma cells intraperitoneally injected in syngeneic BDIX(More)