Pierre Lagadec

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The mechanisms of immunosuppression induced by colon cancer in rats were investigated at the systemic and tumor levels. During tumor growth (after i.p. injection of rat colon adenocarcinoma cells in syngeneic BD IX rats), Con A-induced proliferation of splenic mononuclear cells decreased and nitric oxide (NO) production by splenic macrophages increased(More)
Simulating intrinsic deformation behaviors of guidewire and catheters for interventional radiology (IR) procedures, such as minimally invasive vascular interventions is a challenging task. Especially real-time simulations for interactive training systems require not only the accuracy of guidewire manipulations, but also the efficiency of computations. The(More)
The correlation between the activation of macrophages by lipopolysaccharides (LPS) from four different bacterial species and their antitumor effect in a rat model of colon cancer was investigated. The efficacy of LPS from Neisseria meningitidis (Nm), Salmonella minnesota (Sm), Escherichia coli (Ec) and Bordetella pertussis (Bp) was evaluated as the smallest(More)
The activity of the inducible nitric oxide synthase enzyme (iNOS) is tightly controlled, partly at the transcriptional level. We find NF-kappa B/Rel activation (p50-p50 and p50-p65) in RAW 264.7 macrophages after lipopolysaccharide treatment and binding to both NF-kappa B sites in the mouse iNOS promoter. To delineate the importance of NF-kappa B/Rel in(More)
Colon carcinoma is one of the most frequent causes of cancer death in industrialized countries. The patients generally die of the metastases. In a colon cancer rat model, the authors have shown that lipopolysaccharides from Escherichia coli induced the regression of carcinomatosis and cured 20%-30% of the rats. Some synthetic derivatives of lipid A, which(More)
The effects of cyclosporin-induced immunosuppression were assessed in a rat model of progressive and regressive colonic tumors. Two cloned cell variants, obtained from the same chemically induced colonic carcinoma, differ in their capacity to grow when injected into the syngeneic rat. PROb cells yield progressive tumors and often metastases; in contrast,(More)
Conventional and specific pathogen-free rat resident peritoneal macrophages were lytic to tumor cells in the presence of endotoxins even when not elicited or not stimulated in vivo or in vitro. In contrast, conventional mouse resident peritoneal macrophages were not cytolytic in the presence of endotoxins. The induction by endotoxins of rat(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) has been shown to down-regulate NO synthesis in a variety of normal cells. In the present study, we investigated the influence of TGF-beta1 upon NO production in tumor cells and its consequences for tumor development. During the growth of PROb colon carcinoma cells intraperitoneally injected in syngeneic BDIX(More)
The cloned DHD/K12/TSb line obtained from a chemically-induced rat colon carcinoma, presents tumors which always regress when injected subcutaneously to the syngeneic animal. This study reports that an intraperitoneal injection of the DHD/K12/TSb cells induces a progressive carcinomatosis in a high proportion of the syngeneic rats. This result underlines(More)
The effect of rat serum versus fetal calf serum on the in vitro natural cytolytic activity of rat lymphocytes, macrophages and polymorphonuclear cells against syngeneic tumour cells was compared. The cytolysis level mediated by the three varieties of effector cells was lower when rat serum was used instead of fetal calf serum to supplement the culture(More)