Pierre Julien

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To investigate potential dietary risk factors of Alzheimer's disease (AD), triple transgenic (3xTg-AD) mice were exposed from 4 to 13 months of age to diets with a low n-3:n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) ratio incorporated in either low-fat (5% w/w) or high-fat (35% w/w) formulas and compared with a control diet. The n-3:n-6 PUFA ratio was decreased(More)
Lipoprotein lipase (LPL; E.C. is a key enzyme in the metabolism of lipids. Many diseases, including obesity, coronary heart disease, chylomicronemia (pancreatitis), and atherosclerosis, appear to be directly or indirectly related to abnormalities in LPL function. Human LPL is a member of a superfamily of lipases that includes hepatic lipase and(More)
Lipoprotein and endothelial lipases are members of the triglyceride lipase gene family. These genes are expressed in the brain, where the encoded proteins are fulfilling functions that have yet to be elucidated. In this study, we examined the distribution of their respective mRNAs in the C57BL/6 mouse brain by in situ hybridization. In control mice, we(More)
Too small size at birth (due to poor fetal growth and/or preterm delivery) has been associated with substantially elevated risks of the metabolic syndrome (dislipidemia, insulin resistance, hypertension), type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease in adulthood. The mechanisms of such "fetal origins" or "programming" of disease phenomenon remain unresolved.(More)
CONTEXT Environmental exposure to particulate matter of 2.5 microm or less (PM2.5) has been associated with changes in heart rate variability (HRV). OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of supplementation with omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids on the reduction of HRV associated with PM2.5 exposure. DESIGN Randomized double-blind trial. SETTING Mexico(More)
OBJECTIVE We sought to investigate whether prenatal vitamin C and E supplementation reduces the incidence of gestational hypertension (GH) and its adverse conditions among high- and low-risk women. STUDY DESIGN In a multicenter randomized controlled trial, women were stratified by the risk status and assigned to daily treatment (1 g vitamin C and 400 IU(More)
As part of the rapid socio-cultural transition observed in Arctic populations, the Inuit diet is changing. We present original data derived from the baseline Inuit Health in Transition cohort study regarding biological levels of n-3 fatty acids and trans-fatty acids (TFA), lipids with opposite health effects found respectively in traditional marine diets(More)
BACKGROUND Lipoprotein lipase hydrolyzes the triglyceride core of chylomicrons and very-low-density lipoproteins and has a crucial role in regulating plasma lipoprotein levels. Deficiencies of lipoprotein lipase activity lead to aberrations in lipoprotein levels. Worldwide, the frequency of lipoprotein lipase deficiency is highest among French Canadians. We(More)
OBJECTIVE Whether vitamin D deficiency in pregnancy is a cause of pre-eclampsia remains controversial. Most previous studies to date have assessed exposure at only one time-point in pregnancy. We assessed longitudinal vitamin D status during pregnancy and the risk of pre-eclampsia. DESIGN Prospective cohort study. SETTING Seventeen urban obstetric(More)
BACKGROUND Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are intrinsic cell membrane components and closely involved in neurotransmission and receptor function. Lower omega-3 levels are associated with increased risk of coronary artery disease (CAD), increases in cardiac events in CAD patients, and depression. We sought to examine relationships between depression and(More)