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BACKGROUND Tetrodotoxin (TTX) is a powerful sodium channel blocker extracted from the puffer fish. The analgesic effects of TTX were investigated in different animal pain models. METHODS Wistar rats were submitted to the formalin test and to partial ligation of the sciatic nerve (Seltzer's model). Swiss Webster mice were used in the writhing test. Rodents(More)
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) inhibit fatty acid amidohydrolase (FAAH), the enzyme responsible for the metabolism of anandamide, an endocannabinoid. The analgesic interactions between anandamide (0.01 microg), ibuprofen (0.1 microg) and rofecoxib (0.1 microg) or their combinations administered locally in the hind paw of neuropathic rats were(More)
Anandamide, an endocannabinoid, is degraded by the enzyme fatty acid amide hydrolase which can be inhibited by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). The present work was designed to study the peripheral interactions between anandamide and ibuprofen (a non-specific cyclooxygenase inhibitor) in the rat formalin test. We first determined the ED50 for(More)
The saphenous partial ligation (SPL) model is a new, easily performed, rodent model of neuropathic pain that consists of a unilateral partial injury to the saphenous nerve. The present study describes behavioral, pharmacological and molecular properties of this model. Starting between 3 and 5 days after surgery, depending on the modality tested, animals(More)
Paracetamol analgesic mechanism of action is still poorly defined but mainly involves central inhibition of cyclooxygenases. Here we tested the peripheral antinociceptive effects of paracetamol (intraplantar injections) in a rat model of neuropathic pain. Paracetamol dose-dependently decreased mechanical allodynia and lowered nociceptive scores associated(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE 2-arachidonoyl glycerol (2-AG) is an endogenous cannabinoid with central antinociceptive properties. Its degradation is catalysed by monoacylglycerol lipase (MGL) whose activity is inhibited by URB602, a new synthetic compound. The peripheral antinociceptive effects of 2-AG and URB602 in an inflammatory model of pain are not yet(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE There are limited options for the treatment of neuropathic pain. Endocannabinoids, such as anandamide and 2-arachidonoyl glycerol (2-AG), are promising pain modulators and there is recent evidence of interactions between anandamide and 2-AG biosynthesis and metabolism. It has been clearly demonstrated that 2-AG degradation is mainly(More)
This study was designed to estimate the validity of an 11-point verbal numerical rating scale (VNRS) and a 100 Unit (U) plasticized visual analogue scale (VASp) using a 100mm paper visual analogue scale (VAS) as a gold standard, to recommend the best method of reporting the intensity of acute pain in an emergency department (ED). A convenience sample of(More)
We have recently reported that C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) has a positive chronotropic effect in dogs. We further investigated the effect of CNP on canine cardiac functions: 1) in situ, by exploring the effects of isoproterenol (10 microg), angiotensin II (ANG II, 5 microg), and CNP (40 microg) injections (n = 8) on computerized epicardial mapping of(More)
Among several pharmacological properties, analgesia is the most common feature shared by either opioid or cannabinoid systems. Cannabinoids and opioids are distinct drug classes that have been historically used separately or in combination to treat different pain states. Indeed, it is widely known that activation of either opioid or cannabinoid systems(More)