Pierre I. Karakiewicz

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BACKGROUND Few predictive models aimed at predicting the presence of lymph node invasion (LNI) in patients with prostate cancer (PCa) treated with extended pelvic lymph node dissection (ePLND) are available to date. OBJECTIVE Update a nomogram predicting the presence of LNI in patients treated with ePLND at the time of radical prostatectomy (RP). (More)
CONTEXT Urothelial bladder cancer (UBC) is a disease of significant morbidity and mortality. It is important to understand the risk factors of this disease. OBJECTIVE To describe the incidence, prevalence, and mortality of UBC and to review and interpret the current evidence on and impact of the related risk factors. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION A literature(More)
PURPOSE We developed a preoperative nomogram for prediction of lymph node metastases in patients with clinically localized prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS The study was a retrospective, nonrandomized analysis of 7,014 patients treated with radical prostatectomy at 6 institutions between 1985 and 2000. Exclusion criteria consisted of preoperative(More)
BACKGROUND Data regarding the oncologic efficacy of laparoscopic nephroureterectomy (LNU) compared to open nephroureterectomy (ONU) are scarce. OBJECTIVE We compared recurrence and cause-specific mortality rates of ONU and LNU. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Thirteen centers from three continents contributed data on 1249 patients with nonmetastatic(More)
OBJECTIVE Bladder cancer (BCa) is a disease of older persons, the incidence of which is expected to increase as the population ages. There is controversy, however, regarding the outcomes of radical cystectomy (RC), the gold standard treatment of high-risk BCa, in patients of advanced chronological age. The aim of our study was to assess the impact of(More)
Accurate estimates of risk are essential for physicians if they are to recommend a specific management to patients with prostate cancer. Accurate risk estimates also are required for clinical trial design to ensure that homogeneous, high-risk patient groups are used to investigate new cancer therapeutics. Using the MEDLINE database, a literature search was(More)
PURPOSE We present the characteristics and outcomes of a large, contemporary, consecutive series of patients treated with radical cystectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy for transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder. MATERIALS AND METHODS We developed a multi-institutional database and collected retrospective and prospective data on 888 consecutive(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate precystectomy prediction of pT and pN stages at cystectomy. METHODS Multivariate logistic regression analyses modelled variables of 726 evaluable patients treated with radical cystectomy and bilateral pelvic lymphadenectomy. The first set of models predicted pT(3-4) stage at cystectomy, and the second set predicted pN(1-3) stages at(More)
OBJECTIVES More-extensive pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) may be associated with a higher rate of complications and a longer hospital stay than more limited PLND. METHODS Before radical retropubic prostatectomy, PLNDs were performed in 963 patients. Of these, 767 (79.6%) had >or=10 lymph nodes removed and examined (extended PLND [ePLND]), while 1-9(More)
CONTEXT This review focuses on positive surgical margins (PSM) in radical prostatectomy (RP). OBJECTIVE To address the etiology, incidence, and oncologic impact of PSM and discuss technical points to help surgeons minimize their positive margin rate. An evidence-based approach to assist clinicians in counseling patients with a PSM is provided. EVIDENCE(More)