Pierre Houpikian

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To identify the current etiologies of blood culture-negative infective endocarditis and to describe the epidemiologic, clinical, laboratory, and echocardiographic characteristics associated with each etiology, as well as with unexplained cases, we tested samples from 348 patients suspected of having blood culture-negative infective endocarditis in our(More)
BACKGROUND Q fever endocarditis, caused by Coxiella burnetii, is fatal in 25% to 60% of patients. Currently, treatment with a long-term tetracycline and quinolone regimen for at least 4 years is recommended, although relapses are frequent. METHODS Between January 1987 and December 1997, the reference treatment of Q fever endocarditis was compared with one(More)
IE is a serious, life-threatening disease. Because treatment must often be adapted to the pathogen involved, rapid identification of the etiologic agent is critical to successful management of each patient. When difficult-to-culture pathogens are involved, routine microbiologic tests, including blood culture, may remain negative. Because such cases may(More)
To differentiate infectious endocarditis (IE) from other Bartonella infections and to identify infecting Bartonella bacteria at the species level on a serological basis, we used Western immunoblotting to test sera from 51 patients with Bartonella IE (of which 27 had previously benefited from species identification by molecular techniques), 11 patients with(More)
We conducted a 14-day study (during March-May 1998) to assess the efficacy of chloroquine and sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) for treating uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria in Uganda. Overall treatment failure rates were 43 (81.1%) of 53 chloroquine recipients and 16 (25.0%) of 64 SP patients. Strategies to improve the life-span of standard and(More)
Species of the genus Bartonella are currently recognized in growing numbers and are involved in an increasing variety of human diseases, mainly trench fever, Carrion's disease, bacillary angiomatosis, endocarditis, cat scratch disease, neuroretinitis, and asymptomatic bacteremia. Such a wide spectrum of infections makes it necessary to develop species and(More)
The pathologic features of Q fever endocarditis, which is caused by Coxiella burnetii, were histologically evaluated in cardiac valves from 28 patients. We used quantitative image analysis to compare valvular fibrosis, calcifications, vegetations, inflammation, and vascularization due to Q fever endocarditis with that due to non-Q fever endocarditis and(More)
Fifteen cases of Q fever endocarditis that occurred in 1999-2000 in southern France are described and compared with 15 cases from the same area reported in 1987. Significant decreases were found in the prevalences of heart failure, hepatomegaly, inflammatory syndrome, anemia, leukopenia, and abnormal liver function test results in patients who had Q fever(More)
Trench fever is caused by Bartonella (Rochalimaea) quintana, a small gram-negative rod that is transmitted by body lice. Recently, B. quintana infections in homeless patients have been reported in the United States and Europe. From October 1993 to October 1994, the seroprevalence of antibodies to B. quintana was assessed by indirect immunofluorescence in a(More)
The pathophysiology of Q fever endocarditis is characterized by the suppression of antigen-specific cell-mediated immune responses. We investigated the production of interleukin-10 (IL-10) and transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta), known to interfere with the development of protective cell immunity. IL-10 was markedly released by unstimulated(More)