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PURPOSE To investigate the long-term effect of local, liposome-mediated gene transfer of C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) plasmid versus CNP protein on restenosis in porcine renal arteries following balloon angioplasty. METHODS The renal arteries of 15 pigs were dilated and the adventitia at the site of balloon injury injected with CNP protein, pCR3.1(More)
Prostaglandin (PG) production by human breast cancers was investigated in 91 lesions selected so that the distribution of histologic type was similar to that of the general population of mammary carcinomas. With regard to the shape characteristics of the tumors, PG production was higher in lesions classified T1 and T2 than in lesions classified T3 and T4(More)
The purpose of this study was to use our newly developed mock circulation loop to determine the effects of cryopreservation on the common carotid artery (CCA) and the superficial femoral artery (SFA). Fourteen healthy arteries (7 CCA and 7 SFA) harvested from multiple organ donors between the ages of 18 and 35 years were tested before and after(More)
BACKGROUND Previous attempts in animals failed to reproduce the metabolic, pathological, and clinical situations encountered in homocystinuric patients. Minipigs on a methionine-rich caseinate-based diet, however, have a special long-lasting postprandial plasma accumulation of methionine, the metabolic precursor of homocysteine. We hypothesized that these(More)
Hyperhomocysteinemia is a risk factor for arterial diseases, and the deterioration of the arterial elastic structures is one of the possible mechanisms underlying this epidemiological association. The aim of this paper is to quantitatively characterize such structural alterations and to explore their causes in a previous model of dietary induced mild(More)
PURPOSE Evidence is emerging that the abrupt compliance mismatch that exists at the junction between the stent ends and the host arterial wall disturbs both the vascular hemodynamics and the natural wall stress distribution. These stent-induced alterations are greatly reduced by smoothing the compliance mismatch between the stent and host vessel. A stent(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE To compare the efficacy and vascular toxicity of embolization with radical (NBCA+metacryloxysulpholane=CS) versus conventional anionic (NBCA alone=CA) polymerization of NBCA. MATERIALS AND METHODS Under continuous digital subtracted angiography (DSA) recordings, a 0.2 mL volume of identical glue mixtures were injected in a(More)
PURPOSE To compare the hemodynamics and wall mechanics of swine iliac arteries after placement of six types of stent. MATERIALS AND METHODS Stents were placed in the iliac artery of 18 pigs (three pigs each underwent placement with one of six types of stent); 16 untreated pigs served as control animals. Iliac arterial hemodynamics and wall mechanics were(More)
In non-transplant patients mild hyperhomocysteinemia is an independent risk factor for vascular disease. The aim of this study was to determine whether hyperhomocysteinemia is associated with graft vascular disease. Fasting total plasma homocysteine was assessed in 18 patients with graft vasculopathy and 18 transplanted patients without graft vasculopathy(More)
Prostacyclin (PGI2) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) production was investigated in human aortas (five controls and 27 with atherosclerotic lesions). The specific activities of PGI2 and PGE2 synthetase were studied using radioimmunoassays of PGE2 and 6-keto-PGE1 alpha of aortic microsomes incubated in the presence of additional substrate and cofactors. The(More)