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All fields of neuroscience that employ brain imaging need to communicate their results with reference to anatomical regions. In particular, comparative morphometry and group analysis of functional and physiological data require coregistration of brains to establish correspondences across brain structures. It is well established that linear registration of(More)
A critical issue in image restoration is the problem of noise removal while keeping the integrity of relevant image information. Denoising is a crucial step to increase image quality and to improve the performance of all the tasks needed for quantitative imaging analysis. The method proposed in this paper is based on a 3-D optimized blockwise version of the(More)
A critical issue in image restoration is the problem of noise removal while keeping the integrity of relevant image information. The method proposed in this paper is a fully automatic 3D blockwise version of the nonlocal (NL) means filter with wavelet subbands mixing. The proposed wavelet subbands mixing is based on a multiresolution approach for improving(More)
Although numerous methods to register brains of different individuals have been proposed, no work has been done, as far as we know, to evaluate and objectively compare the performances of different nonrigid (or elastic) registration methods on the same database of subjects. In this paper, we propose an evaluation framework, based on global and local(More)
We propose to segment Multiple Sclerosis (MS) lesions overtime in multidimensional Magnetic Resonance (MR) sequences. We use a robust algorithm that allows the segmentation of the abnormalities using the whole time series simultaneously and we propose an original rejection scheme for outliers. We validate our method using the BrainWeb simulator. To(More)
In image processing, restoration is expected to improve the qualitative inspection of the image and the performance of quantitative image analysis techniques. In this paper, an adaptation of the nonlocal (NL)-means filter is proposed for speckle reduction in ultrasound (US) images. Originally developed for additive white Gaussian noise, we propose to use a(More)
There is an increasing need for real-time implementation of 3D image analysis processes, especially in the context of image-guided surgery. Among the various image analysis tasks, non-rigid image registration is particularly needed and is also computationally prohibitive. This paper presents a GPU (Graphical Processing Unit) implementation of the popular(More)
A new method for medical image registration is formulated as a minimization problem involving robust estimators. We propose an efficient hierarchical optimization framework which is both multiresolution and multigrid. An anatomical segmentation of the cortex is introduced in the adaptive partitioning of the volume on which the multigrid minimization is(More)
In this paper, we investigate the introduction of cortical constraints for non rigid intersubject brain registration. We extract sulcal patterns with the active ribbon method, presented by Le Goualher et al. (1997). An energy based registration method (Hellier et al., 2001), which will be called photometric registration method in this paper, makes it(More)