Pierre Hansen

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Systematic change of neighborhood within a possibly randomized local search algorithm yields a simple and e€ective metaheuristic for combinatorial and global optimization, called variable neighborhood search (VNS). We present a basic scheme for this purpose, which can easily be implemented using any local search algorithm as a subroutine. Its e€ectiveness(More)
The recent Variable Neighborhood Search (VNS) metaheuristic combines local search with systematic changes of neighborhood in the descent and escape from local optimum phases. When solving large instances of various problems, its efficiency may be enhanced through decomposition. The resulting two level VNS, called Variable Neighborhood Decomposition Search(More)
Variable neighbourhood search (VNS) is a metaheuristic, or a framework for building heuristics, based upon systematic changes of neighbourhoods both in descent phase, to find a local minimum, and in perturbation phase to emerge from the corresponding valley. It was first proposed in 1997 and has since then rapidly developed both in its methods and its(More)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence presents a range of topics of concern to scholars applying quantitative, combinatorial, logical, algebraic and algorithmic methods to diverse areas of Artificial Intelligence, from decision support, automated deduction, and reasoning, to knowledge-based systems, machine learning, computer vision, robotics(More)
A new local search heuristic, called J-Means, is proposed for solving the minimum sum-of-squares clustering problem. The neighborhood of the current solution is deened by all possible centroid-to-entity relocations followed by corresponding changes of assignments. Moves are made in such neighborhoods until a local optimum is reached. The new heuristic is(More)
Variable neighborhood search (VNS) is a recent metaheuristic for solving combinatorial and global optimization problems whose basic idea is systematic change of neighborhood within a local search. In this survey paper we present basic rules of VNS and some of its extensions. Moreover, applications are briefly summarized. They comprise heuristic solution of(More)