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A large chikungunya virus (CHIKV) outbreak emerged in 2005-2006 in the Indian Ocean islands, including Comoros, Mayotte, Mauritius, the Seychelles, and particularly in Reunion Island where 35% of 770,000 inhabitants were infected in 6 months. More recently, circulation of the virus has been documented in Madagascar and in India where CHIKV is spreading(More)
INTRODUCTION Hepatitis E virus is endemic in developing countries where it is especially lethal among pregnant women. As the circulation of goods and people grows between these countries and the industrialized nations, this virus is emerging as a cause of imported acute hepatitis in the latter, where authentic autochthonous cases also exist. OBSERVATIONS(More)
Malaria is a parasitological emergency requiring safe quick accurate diagnosis so that appropriate therapy can be implemented. A number of rapid diagnostic tests based on detection of HRP2 Ag, enzymes, LDH or aldolase are now available. However the use of these tests is restricted to trained, experienced staff in special situations. The purpose of this(More)
A prospective survey was carried out during three three-weeks periods in May, October 1997 and October 1998 in 13 teaching hospitals. All non-repetitive isolates of P. aeruginosa collected were subject to serotypage and determination of the inhibiting minimal concentrations for ticarcillin, piperacillin, piperacillin + tazobactam, ceftazidime, imipenem,(More)
The purpose of our study was to evaluate the incidence of Helicobacter pylori seropositivity in two different populations of asymptomatic pregnant women from different geographic origins during two separate time periods. A retrospective study of consecutive sera obtained from 169 and 302 asymptomatic pregnant women in 1990 and 1999, respectively, was(More)
Zoonosis is the cause of the vast majority of emerging diseases. Bats that occupy the second place in the mammal class play an important role. Whether they belong to the microchiroptera suborder or to the megachiroptera suborder, bats on all five continents have been implicated in transmission of numerous pathogens including not only viruses such as(More)
As far as transfusions accidents are concerned, immunological causes are frequent. Pretransfusion Bedside Compatibility Tests (PBCT) are the last chance to avoid them. However low data are disponible on the quality their realisation is achieved. The aim of the study is to evaluate the quality level of achievement of these tests, in HIA Laveran Hospital(More)
Scytalidium dimidiatum is a fungus found mainly in tropical and subtropical zones. Infection can cause a benign disease closely resembling dermatophytosis. In immunocompromised hosts, Scytalidium dimidiatum can also lead to phaehyphomycosis. Although awareness of these hyphae remains limited in developed countries, their incidence is growing due to(More)
Blood transfusion safety covers all stages from prescription of immuno-haematological examinations until the completion of the transfusion. According to the 05/11/2006 Afssaps' decision on good transfusion practices, transfusions should not be given at night unless the patient is actively bleeding or has some other urgent clinical need. A retrospective(More)