Pierre Gravel

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The primary objective of this study was to develop a computer-aided method for the quantification of three-dimensional (3-D) cartilage changes over time in knees with osteoarthritis (OA). We introduced a local coordinate system (LCS) for the femoral and tibial cartilage boundaries that provides a standardized representation of cartilage geometry, thickness,(More)
The effect of prior lesioning of noradrenergic neurons with 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) on the ability of amitriptyline to enhance the responsiveness of hippocampal pyramidal neurons to serotonin (5-HT) was examined in Sprague-Dawley rats. In control rats, amitriptyline (5 mg/kg/day for 14 days), administered either by daily injection or by an osmotic(More)
Since the seminal work of Broca in 1861, it is well established that language is essentially processed in the left hemisphere. However, the origin of hemispheric specialization remains controversial. Some authors posit that language lateralization is genetically determined, while others have suggested that hemispheric specialization develops with age.(More)
We have developed a method to study the statistical properties of the noise found in various medical images. The method is specifically designed for types of noise with uncorrelated fluctuations. Such signal fluctuations generally originate in the physical processes of imaging rather than in the tissue textures. Various types of noise (e.g., photon,(More)
The objectives of this pilot study were to develop a video fluoroscopy kinematics method for the assessment of the coxofemoral joint in cats with and without osteoarthritis (OA)-associated disability. Two non-OA cats and four cats affected by coxofemoral OA were evaluated by video fluoroscopy. Video fluoroscopic images of the coxofemoral joints were(More)
A computer-aided method for the tracking of morphological markers in fluoroscopic images of a rat walking on a treadmill is presented and validated. The markers correspond to bone articulations in a hind leg and are used to define the hip, knee, ankle and metatarsophalangeal joints. The method allows a user to identify, using a computer mouse, about 20% of(More)
Using symmetry arguments only, we show that every spacetime with mirror-symmetric spatial sections is necessarily conformally flat. The general form of the Ricci tensor of such spacetimes is also determined. 1. Introduction. It is well known that the curvature tensor of any four-dimensional differentiable manifold has only 20 algebraically independent(More)
Music can induce particular emotions and activate semantic knowledge. In the semantic variant of primary progressive aphasia (svPPA), semantic memory is impaired as a result of anterior temporal lobe (ATL) atrophy. Semantics is responsible for the encoding and retrieval of factual knowledge about music, including associative and emotional attributes. In the(More)
  • Teresa Lynn Kroeker, Felipe Barrientos, James Brown, Charles Dyer, Pierre Gravel, Sylvie Landry +2 others
  • 2007
In the rst part of this thesis early-type galaxies in Arp groups are examined to determine if any recent mergers have occurred. No unusual rotation curves are found to indicate a merger event in the four out of eleven early-type galaxies with suucient signal-to-noise ratio. Minor axis rotation is another sign of peculiar kinematics and it too is not(More)
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