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Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, which inhibit cyclooxygenase (COX) activity, are powerful antineoplastic agents that exert their antiproliferative and proapoptotic effects on cancer cells by COX-dependent and/or COX-independent pathways. Celecoxib, a COX-2-specific inhibitor, has been shown to reduce the number of adenomatous colorectal polyps in(More)
The Duffy blood group antigens are carried by the erythrocyte membrane glycoprotein gpD, which has a molecular weight of 35–45 kDa and which has been recently cloned. In this report, we have determined, at the nucleic acid level, the molecular basis for the blood group Fya/Fyb polymorphism. The gpD cDNAs isolated by reverse transcription/polymerase chain(More)
The mammalian Rh (Rhesus) protein family belongs to the Amt/Mep (ammonia transporter/methylammonium permease)/Rh superfamily of ammonium transporters. Whereas RhCE, RhD and RhAG are erythroid specific, RhBG and RhCG are expressed in key organs associated with ammonium transport and metabolism. We have investigated the ammonium transport function of human(More)
UT-B1 is the facilitated urea transporter of red blood cells (RBCs) and endothelial cells of descending vasa recta in the kidney. Immunoblotting with a polyclonal antibody against the C-ter sequence of rat UT-B1 revealed UT-B1 as both nonglycosylated (29 kDa) and N-glycosylated (47.5 and 33 kDa) proteins in RBC membranes, kidney medulla, brain, and bladder(More)
AQP3 is a water and glycerol channel present on human erythrocytes and in various tissues. By protein and molecular biology analysis, two unrelated probands who developed alloantibodies to the high frequency antigen GIL were found to be AQP3-deficient. The defect is caused by homozygous mutation affecting the 5' donor splice site of intron 5 of the AQP3(More)
Several studies suggest that the Rh complex represents a major interaction site between the membrane lipid bilayer and the red cell skeleton, but little is known about the molecular basis of this interaction. We report here that ankyrin-R is capable of interacting directly with the C-terminal cytoplasmic domain of Rh and RhAG polypeptides. We first show(More)
Rh(null) red cells are characteristically stomato-spherocytic. This and other evidence suggest that the Rh complex represents a major attachment site between the membrane lipid bilayer and the erythroid skeleton. As an attempt to identify the linking protein(s) between the red cell skeleton and the Rh complex, we analyzed the expression of Rh, RhAG, CD47,(More)
The Rh antigen is a multi-subunit complex composed of Rh polypeptides and associated glycoproteins (Rh50, CD47, LW and glycophorin B); these interact in the red cell membrane and are lacking or severely reduced in Rhnull cells. As a result, individuals with Rhnull suffer chronic haemolytic anaemia known as the Rh-deficiency syndrome. Most frequently, Rhnull(More)
Numerous blood group antigens are present in different human tissues where they appear as immunological markers of certain structures. The Pr antigen is the only antigen present in the islet of Langerhans. The A, B, H and Lewis antigens are present in the centro acinar cells and the Pr and Lewis antigens are found on the membrane of the pancreatic ducts. A,(More)
BACKGROUND Peritoneal dialysis fluids (PDFs) have been shown to alter mesothelial cell functions. To further determine the mechanisms involved, we investigated the effects of glucose, glucose degradation products (GDPs) and advanced glycation end products (AGEs) on the inhibition of human peritoneal mesothelial cell (HPMC) proliferation and the induction of(More)