Pierre G. Carlier

Learn More
Skeletal muscle voluntary contractions (VC) and electrical stimulations (ES) were compared in eight healthy men. High-energy phosphates and myoglobin oxygenation were simultaneously monitored in the quadriceps by interleaved (1)H- and (31)P-NMR spectroscopy. For the VC protocol, subjects performed five or six bouts of 5 min with a workload increment of 10%(More)
Intracellular oxygen (O2) availability and the impact of ambient hypoxia have far reaching ramifications in terms of cell signalling and homeostasis; however, in vivo cellular oxygenation has been an elusive variable to assess. Within skeletal muscle the extent to which myoglobin desaturates (deoxy-Mb) and the extent of this desaturation in relation to O2(More)
To describe muscle involvement on whole-body MRI scans in adult patients at different stages of late-onset Pompe disease. Twenty patients aged 37 to 75 were examined. Five were bedridden and required ventilatory support. Axial and coronal T1 turbo-spin-echo sequences were performed on 1.5T or 3T systems. MRI was scored for 47 muscles using Mercuri's(More)
Among the ultrafast MRI techniques, the single-shot fast spin-echo sequence offers a robust alternative to echo planar imaging, essentially because of a much reduced sensitivity to B0 inhomogeneity. This property is particularly appealing in situations in which B0 inhomogeneities can be severe and difficult to correct, such as in cardiac imaging. With(More)
BACKGROUND Outcome measures for clinical trials in neuromuscular diseases are typically based on physical assessments which are dependent on patient effort, combine the effort of different muscle groups, and may not be sensitive to progression over short trial periods in slow-progressing diseases. We hypothesised that quantitative fat imaging by MRI (Dixon(More)
Mechanisms generating BOLD contrast are complex and depend on parameters that are prone to large variations, in particular in skeletal muscle. Here, we simultaneously measured perfusion by ASL, and BOLD response in the calf muscle of 6 healthy volunteers during post-ischemic reactive hyperemia. We tested whether the relation between the two was altered for(More)
T(1)-based determination of perfusion was performed with the high temporal and spatial resolution that monitoring of exercise physiology requires. As no data were available on the validation of this approach in human muscles, T(1)-based NMRI of perfusion was compared to standard strain-gauge venous occlusion plethysmography performed simultaneously within a(More)
Sepsis, or systemic inflammatory response syndrome, is the major cause of critical illness resulting in admission to intensive care units. Sepsis is caused by severe infection and is associated with mortality in 60% of cases. Morbidity due to sepsis is complicated by neuromyopathy, and patients face long-term disability due to muscle weakness, energetic(More)
PURPOSE To propose a manual segmentation method for individual quadriceps femoris (QF) muscles and to test its reliability for muscle volume estimation. MATERIALS AND METHODS Images were acquired every 5 mm along the thigh using a 3T MRI scanner on 10 young (mean age: 25 years) and 10 older (mean age: 75 years) adults using a three-point 3D Dixon(More)