Pierre Fulcrand

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We have set up stably transfected HEK293 cells overexpressing the beta-secretases BACE1 and BACE2 either alone or in combination with wild-type beta-amyloid precursor protein (betaAPP). The characterization of the betaAPP-derived catabolites indicates that cells expressing BACEs produce less genuine Abeta1- 40/42 but higher amounts of secreted sAPPbeta and(More)
The widespread neuropeptide vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) has two receptors VPAC(1) and VPAC(2). Solid-phase syntheses of VIP analogs in which each amino acid has been changed to alanine (Ala scan) or glycine was achieved and each analog was tested for: (i) three-dimensional structure by ab initio molecular modeling; (ii) ability to inhibit (125)I-VIP(More)
Eighteen new hydrazino-1,3-thiazole derivatives were evaluated against 8 strains of multi-resistant Candida spp. Introduction of an indolyl moiety linked to the hydrazone function enhanced the in vitro anti-Candida activity, with an activity spectrum towards Candida albicans strains. Introduction of a (S)-2-aminoethyl chain on the thiazole nucleus largely(More)
The formation of A beta and A beta-containing fragments is likely a key event in the process of neural degeneration in Alzheimer's disease. The N-terminal residue (Asp-1) of A beta and its C-terminally extended sequences is liberated from the beta-amyloid precursor protein (beta APP) by beta-secretase(s). This activity appears highly increased by the(More)
In the present study, hepta- and octapeptide analogues of the C-terminal part of cholecystokinin, modified on the C-terminal phenylalanine residue, were synthesized. CCK analogues were prepared in which the peptide bond between aspartic acid and phenylalanine had or had not been modified and were lacking the C-terminal primary amide function. These CCK(More)
Various 3-substituted chiral 1,2,4-oxadiazole-containing Fmoc-beta(3)- and -alpha-amino acids were synthesized from Fmoc-(l or d)-Asp(OtBu)-OH and Fmoc-l-Asp-OtBu, respectively, in three steps (i.e., condensation of an aspartyl derivative with differentially substituted amidoximes, formation of the 1,2,4-oxadiazole, and cleavage of the tert-butyl ester).(More)
Cystatin C, the major inhibitor of the cysteine proteinases found in human and rat body fluids, is particularly abundant in seminal plasma and cerebrospinal fluid. In a precedent report, we have evidenced noteworthy levels of cystatin C in rat kidney cortex. In the present study, we show that rat mesangial glomerular cells produce cystatin C.(More)
We have shown that gastrin and cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK-8) are differently coupled to G protein (GTP-binding protein) through type B cholecystokinin receptors in guinea-pig brain membranes and Jurkat cells. Indeed, the gastrin-13 binding affinity is strongly reduced by stable guanyl nucleotides, whereas CCK-8 binding is only slightly affected. In(More)
gamma-Secretase activity is involved in the generation of Abeta and therefore likely contributes to the pathology of Alzheimer's disease. Blocking this activity was seen as a major therapeutic target to slow down or arrest Abeta-related AD progression. This strategy seemed more doubtful when it was established that gamma-secretase also targets other(More)
ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme; peptidyl dipeptidase A; EC, cleaves C-terminal dipeptides from active peptides containing a free C-terminus. We investigated the hydrolysis of cholecystokinin-8 [CCK-8; Asp-Tyr(SO3H)-Met-Gly-Trp-Met-Asp-Phe-NH2] and of various gastrin analogues by purified rabbit lung ACE. Although these peptides are amidated at(More)