Pierre Fulcrand

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In the present study, hepta- and octapeptide analogues of the C-terminal part of cholecystokinin, modified on the C-terminal phenylalanine residue, were synthesized. CCK analogues were prepared in which the peptide bond between aspartic acid and phenylalanine had or had not been modified and were lacking the C-terminal primary amide function. These CCK(More)
The widespread neuropeptide vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) has two receptors VPAC(1) and VPAC(2). Solid-phase syntheses of VIP analogs in which each amino acid has been changed to alanine (Ala scan) or glycine was achieved and each analog was tested for: (i) three-dimensional structure by ab initio molecular modeling; (ii) ability to inhibit (125)I-VIP(More)
The formation of A beta and A beta-containing fragments is likely a key event in the process of neural degeneration in Alzheimer's disease. The N-terminal residue (Asp-1) of A beta and its C-terminally extended sequences is liberated from the beta-amyloid precursor protein (beta APP) by beta-secretase(s). This activity appears highly increased by the(More)
We have set up stably transfected HEK293 cells overexpressing the beta-secretases BACE1 and BACE2 either alone or in combination with wild-type beta-amyloid precursor protein (betaAPP). The characterization of the betaAPP-derived catabolites indicates that cells expressing BACEs produce less genuine Abeta1- 40/42 but higher amounts of secreted sAPPbeta and(More)
ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme; peptidyl dipeptidase A; EC 3.4.15.1), cleaves C-terminal dipeptides from active peptides containing a free C-terminus. We investigated the hydrolysis of cholecystokinin-8 [CCK-8; Asp-Tyr(SO3H)-Met-Gly-Trp-Met-Asp-Phe-NH2] and of various gastrin analogues by purified rabbit lung ACE. Although these peptides are amidated at(More)
gamma-Secretase activity is involved in the generation of Abeta and therefore likely contributes to the pathology of Alzheimer's disease. Blocking this activity was seen as a major therapeutic target to slow down or arrest Abeta-related AD progression. This strategy seemed more doubtful when it was established that gamma-secretase also targets other(More)
Polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies were raised against pure human renin, but nothing was known about the regions against which they were directed. Using a three-dimensional model of mouse submandibular renin, we selected seven peptide sequences as belonging to potential epitopes. The main criteria for their choice were the location of the peptide(More)
Various gastrin analogues and CCK-8 (Asp-Tyr(SO3H)-Met-Gly-Trp-Met-Asp-Phe-NH2) are hydrolyzed in vitro by angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), the main and initial cleavage occurring at the Met-Asp (or Leu-Asp) bond, releasing the C-terminal dipeptide amide Asp-Phe-NH2. Tetragastrin analogues (e.g., Boc-Trp-Leu-Asp-Phe-NH2) are degraded by a vesicular(More)
We have shown that gastrin and cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK-8) are differently coupled to G protein (GTP-binding protein) through type B cholecystokinin receptors in guinea-pig brain membranes and Jurkat cells. Indeed, the gastrin-13 binding affinity is strongly reduced by stable guanyl nucleotides, whereas CCK-8 binding is only slightly affected. In(More)
Cystatin C, the major inhibitor of the cysteine proteinases found in human and rat body fluids, is particularly abundant in seminal plasma and cerebrospinal fluid. In a precedent report, we have evidenced noteworthy levels of cystatin C in rat kidney cortex. In the present study, we show that rat mesangial glomerular cells produce cystatin C.(More)