Pierre Frange

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BACKGROUND Regional and subtype-specific mutational patterns of HIV-1 transmitted drug resistance (TDR) are essential for informing first-line antiretroviral (ARV) therapy guidelines and designing diagnostic assays for use in regions where standard genotypic resistance testing is not affordable. We sought to understand the molecular epidemiology of TDR and(More)
OBJECTIVES To estimate the frequency of viruses with X4 or dual-X4/DM tropism from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of 390 human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) subtype-B patients diagnosed at the time of primary HIV-1 infection (PHI) between 1996 and 2007 and enrolled in the PRIMO Cohort. METHODS V3 loop sequences were amplified from(More)
Inherited deficiency of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II molecules impairs antigen presentation to CD4(+) T cells and results in combined immunodeficiency (CID). Autosomal-recessive mutations in the RFXANK gene account for two-thirds of all cases of MHC class II deficiency. We describe here the genetic, clinical, and immunologic features of(More)
Recently, patient mutations that activate PI3K signaling have been linked to a primary antibody deficiency. Here, we used whole-exome sequencing and characterized the molecular defects in 4 patients from 3 unrelated families diagnosed with hypogammaglobulinemia and recurrent infections. We identified 2 different heterozygous splice site mutations that(More)
BACKGROUND Primary immunodeficiencies are a rare group of inborn diseases characterized by a broad clinical and genetic heterogeneity. Substantial advances in the identification of the underlying molecular mechanisms can be achieved through the study of patients with increased susceptibility to specific infections and immune dysregulation. We evaluated 3(More)
BACKGROUND Ebola virus disease (EVD) is a highly lethal condition for which no specific treatment has proven efficacy. In September 2014, while the Ebola outbreak was at its peak, the World Health Organization released a short list of drugs suitable for EVD research. Favipiravir, an antiviral developed for the treatment of severe influenza, was one of(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyse the contribution of primary human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection (PHI) to the French viral epidemic. METHODS HIV-1 pol sequences included 987 PHI from the French ANRS PRIMO cohort between 1999 and 2010 and were analysed using a population-based phylogenetic approach. Clinical features, risk factors, sexual behaviour(More)
Prevalence of HIV-1 non-B subtypes has increased overtime in patients diagnosed at the time of primary infection (PHI) in France. Our objective was to characterize in detail non-B strains which could not be genetically classified into the known subtypes/Circulating Recombinant Forms (CRFs). Among 744 patients enrolled in the ANRS PRIMO Cohort since 1996,(More)
BACKGROUND To analyze the time trends of the viral subtype distributions according to gender, risk group, and geographical origin of the patients in 1128 primary human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection (PHI), diagnosed in France (1996-2010). To study whether the viral diversity had an impact on the virological and immunological responses in patients(More)
Although subtype B strains are still predominant in France, non-B viruses have been isolated from 26% of patients with a primary HIV-1 infection in 2005-2006. The objective of this study was to characterize recombinant-HIV-1 strains by a subtyping based on the phylogenetic analysis of both pol and env sequences. We studied 591 patients who were part of the(More)