Pierre-François Cartron

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The mechanism by which some BH3-only proteins of the Bcl-2 family directly activate the "multidomain" proapoptotic member Bax is poorly characterized. We report that the first alpha helix (Halpha1) of Bax specifically interacts with the BH3 domains of Bid and PUMA but not with that of Bad. Inhibition of this interaction, by a peptide comprising Halpha1 or(More)
It is still unclear whether the BH3-only protein Puma (p53 up-regulated modulator of apoptosis) can prime cells to death and render antiapoptotic BH3-binding Bcl-2 homologues necessary for survival through its ability to directly interact with proapoptotic Bax and activate it. In this study, we provide further evidence, using cell-free assays, that the BH3(More)
Epigenetic gene inactivation in mammalian cells involves many silencing mechanisms. One of these mechanisms is the transcriptional repression by targeted promoter hypermethylation. However, the molecular mechanisms involved in the site-specific DNA (hyper)methylation are not fully elucidate. By using the Dnmt3a/c-myc interaction as an example, we here(More)
The mitochondrial apoptotic pathway is a highly regulated biological mechanism which determines cell fate. It is defined as a cascade of events, going from an apoptotic stimulus to the MOM permeabilization, resulting in the activation of the so-called executive phase. This pathway is very often altered in cancer cells. The mitochondrial permeabilization is(More)
The viral mitochondria-localized inhibitor of apoptosis (vMIA), encoded by the UL37 gene of human cytomegalovirus, inhibits apoptosis-associated mitochondrial membrane permeabilization by a mechanism different from that of Bcl-2. Here we show that vMIA induces several changes in Bax that resemble those found in apoptotic cells yet take place in(More)
The translocation of Bax alpha, a pro-apoptotic member of the BCL-2 family from the cytosol to mitochondria, is a central event of the apoptotic program. We report here that the N-terminal (NT) end of Bax alpha, which contains its first alpha helix (Eta alpha 1), is a functional mitochondrial-addressing signal both in mammals and in yeast. Similar results(More)
During apoptosis, engagement of the mitochondrial pathway involves the permeabilization of the outer mitochondrial membrane (OMM), which leads to the release of cytochrome c and other apoptogenic proteins such as Smac/DIABLO, AIF, EndoG, Omi/HtraA2 and DDP/TIMM8a. OMM permeabilization depends on activation, translocation and oligomerization of multidomain(More)
A functional imbalance between proapoptotic Bax and antiapoptotic Bcl-2 is likely to participate in the resistance of cancer cells to therapy. We show here that ethyl 2-amino-6-bromo-4-(1-cyano-2-ethoxy-2-oxoethyl)-4H-chromene-3-carboxylate (HA14-1), a small organic compound recently proposed to function as an inhibitor of Bcl-2, increases the sensitivity(More)
Granzyme B (GzmB) is a serine protease involved in many pathologies, including viral infections, autoimmunity, transplant rejection, and antitumor immunity. To measure the extent of genetic variation in GzmB, we screened the GzmB gene for polymorphisms and defined a frequently represented triple-mutated GzmB allele. In this variant, three amino acids of the(More)
Global DNA hypomethylation is a hallmark of cancer cells, but its molecular mechanisms have not been elucidated. Here, we show that the disruption of Dnmt1/PCNA/UHRF1 interactions promotes a global DNA hypomethylation in human gliomas. We then demonstrate that the Dnmt1 phosphorylations by Akt and/or PKC abrogate the interactions of Dnmt1 with PCNA and(More)