Pierre Formstecher

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BACKGROUND Sperm cell death appears to be a cause of male infertility. The objective of this study was to determine the most reliable method for the evaluation of sperm quality in semen samples during sperm preparation for IVF. METHODS Conventional analysis of semen samples was compared with several cytofluorometric methods detecting death-associated(More)
BACKGROUND Sperm motility evaluation is associated with fertility in IVF programmes. The visual estimation of sperm motility is extremely subjective. Hence, alternative methods are required. Among them, determination of mitochondrial membrane potential (Deltapsi(m)) changes of spermatozoa using potentiometric dyes may be a reliable test to determine sperm(More)
The epidermis is a stratified squamous epithelium in which keratinocytes progressively undergo terminal differentiation towards the skin surface leading to programmed cell death. In this respect we studied the role of caspases. Here, we show that caspase-14 synthesis in the skin is restricted to differentiating keratinocytes and that caspase-14 processing(More)
BACKGROUND Detection of apoptosis in sperm samples may help evaluate sperm quality. Recently, it has been suggested that in some ejaculated sperm populations, apoptosis is caspase dependent. The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of activated caspases and examine possible correlations with apoptosis and sperm parameters in semen samples(More)
Adult tissues contain highly proliferative, clonogenic cells that meet criteria of multipotent stem cells and are potential sources for autologous reparative and reconstructive medicine. We demonstrated that human dental pulp contains self renewing human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs) capable of differentiating into mesenchymal-derived odontoblasts,(More)
Many anticancer drugs exert their cytotoxicity through DNA damage and induction of apoptosis. Small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) and non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) have different sensitivity to treatment with radiation and chemotherapeutic agents with SCLC being more sensitive than NSCLC both in vitro and in vivo. This difference might be related to(More)
Retinoids exhibit antineoplastic activities that may be linked to retinoid receptor-mediated transrepression of activating protein 1 (AP1), a heterodimeric transcription factor composed of fos- and jun-related proteins. Here we show that transcriptional activation of an AP1-regulated gene through the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)-extracellular(More)
BACKGROUND INFORMATION The nuclear gene hSUV3 (human SUV3) encodes an ATP-dependent DNA/RNA helicase. In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae the orthologous Suv3 protein is localized in mitochondria, and is a subunit of the degradosome complex which regulates RNA surveillance and turnover. In contrast, the functions of human SUV3 are not known to date. (More)
Non-small cell lung carcinomas (NSCLCs) are typically resistant against apoptosis induced by standard chemotherapy. We evaluated the effects of the two potential antitumor agents of the lamellarin class on a highly apoptosis-resistant NSCLC cell line. Both the marine alkaloid lamellarin-D and its synthetic amino derivative PM031379 induced the activation of(More)