Pierre Fontana

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BACKGROUND The adenosine diphosphate (ADP) receptor P2Y12 plays a pivotal role in platelet aggregation, as demonstrated by the benefit conferred by its blockade in patients with cardiovascular disease. Some studies have shown interindividual differences in ADP-induced platelet aggregation responses ex vivo, but the mechanisms underlying this variability are(More)
Considerable interest for cell-derived microparticles has emerged, pointing out their essential role in haemostatic response and their potential as disease markers, but also their implication in a wide range of physiological and pathological processes. They derive from different cell types including platelets - the main source of microparticles - but also(More)
Protease-activated receptor 1 (PAR-1), the main thrombin receptor on vascular cells, plays a key role in platelet activation. We examined the range of PAR-1 expression on platelets, obtained twice, 1 week apart, from 100 healthy subjects and found a 2-fold interindividual variation in receptor numbers (95% CI = 858-1700). Because PAR-1 density was stable(More)
Direct new oral anticoagulants (NOACs) - inhibitors of thrombin or factor Xa - are intended to be used largely in the treatment of venous thromboembolic disease or the prevention of systematic embolism in atrial fibrillation, instead of vitamin K antagonists. Like any anticoagulant treatment, they are associated with spontaneous or provoked haemorrhagic(More)
BACKGROUND We recently described a gain-of-function haplotype, called H2, of the adenosine diphosphate (ADP) receptor P2Y12 gene associated with increased ADP-induced platelet aggregation ex vivo in healthy volunteers. Because platelets play a key role in atherosclerosis and arterial thrombosis, we tested the possible link between the H2 haplotype and the(More)
Platelets are involved in the early phases of liver regeneration. Moreover, platelet transfusion and thrombocytosis were recently shown to enhance hepatocyte proliferation. However, the precise mechanisms remain elusive. This review discusses the latest updates regarding the mechanisms by which platelets stimulate liver regeneration, focusing on their(More)
BACKGROUND Some data suggest that biological 'resistance' to aspirin or clopidogrel may influence clinical outcome. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between aspirin and clopidogrel responsiveness in healthy subjects. METHODS Ninety-six healthy subjects were randomly assigned to receive a 1-week course of aspirin 100 mg(More)
The existence of poor biological response to clopidogrel has been shown in some patients. Despite the increasing number of studies, this phenomenon remains difficult to quantify. We performed a systematic review to estimate the prevalence of poor biological response to clopidogrel and investigate the factors known to modulate this. An exhaustive search was(More)