Pierre Fondu

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Exposure to endotoxin and to its purified derivative lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is related to several occupational pulmonary diseases and to severe domestic asthma. An inhalation of a given dose of pure LPS produces both a systemic and a bronchial inflammatory response. Information on the dose-response relationship to inhaled LPS in normal subjects is a(More)
Protein-energy malnutrition in Kivu is associated with a discrete normocytic, normochromic anemia. An attempt to define the physiopathology of this anemia disclosed the following results. As compared with local controls, both iron and total iron binding capacity were low, but with siderophilin saturation and sideroblast counts either normal or elevated;(More)
Several studies have suggested a role of bone marrow stroma injury in long-term chemotherapy-induced hematopoietic failure. To evaluate whether bone marrow microenvironment is altered by chemotherapy for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and to determine its contribution to postchemotherapy anemia, we investigated the ability of stroma from children(More)
The pharmacokinetics and tolerability of factor XIII (FXIII) from plasma were compared with those of FXIII from placenta in a randomised, double-blind, crossover study involving 13 patients with congenital FXIII deficiency. Both FXIII activity and FXIII antigen were monitored. No difference was seen in the mean half-lives of the two preparations (9.3 days(More)
In sickle cell anemia (SCA), the loss of reticuloendothelial function is the result of vasoocclusive events occurring in the spleen. Such asplenia occurs early in the course of the disease and is considered to be permanent in late childhood. In this report, three patients 10, 11, and 14 years of age suffering from severe SCA and found to be asplenic were(More)
Serum immunoreactive erythropoietin (EPO) was measured sequentially in 8 patients with thalassaemia major. The EPO levels were distinctly increased before transfusion; they did not significantly change just after transfusion, but subsequently decreased. Pretransfusion EPO levels were similar to those observed in patients with non renal non inflammatory(More)
A new method for measuring the uptake of Staphylococcus aureus by human polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN) using flow cytometry (FCM) is described. Bacteria were labeled with fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) and incubated with PMN in a suspension assay. At the end of the assay, phagocytosis was arrested by the addition of cold paraformaldehyde.(More)
A panel of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs commonly used for therapeutic purposes was assessed for their effects on the respiratory burst of isolated human polymorphonuclear neutrophils. Cells were stimulated with opsonised yeast and the production of reactive oxygen species was measured by amplified chemiluminescence with luminol and lucigenin which(More)
The metabolic burst (as measured by the spontaneous and stimulated nitroblue tetrazolium tests), the phagocytosis of heat inactivated bakers' yeast and of Staphylococcus aureus, the killing of Staph aureus, and the myeloperoxidase activity of polymorphonuclear neutrophils were studied in 11 patients receiving maintenance haemodialysis. Of these patients,(More)