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Exposure to endotoxin and to its purified derivative lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is related to several occupational pulmonary diseases and to severe domestic asthma. An inhalation of a given dose of pure LPS produces both a systemic and a bronchial inflammatory response. Information on the dose-response relationship to inhaled LPS in normal subjects is a(More)
A panel of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs commonly used for therapeutic purposes was assessed for their effects on the respiratory burst of isolated human polymorphonuclear neutrophils. Cells were stimulated with opsonised yeast and the production of reactive oxygen species was measured by amplified chemiluminescence with luminol and lucigenin which(More)
Thymidine kinase (TK) isoenzymes and thymidine phosphorylase (TP) activities have been measured in peripheral mononuclear cells of patients with acute lymphoblastic and monoblastic leukaemia or B-chronic lymphocytic leukaemia, as well as in normal subjects, and also in lymph node cells from patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, with Hodgkin's disease and(More)
Hydroxyurea (HU) enhances the synthesis of fetal hemoglobin (HbF) and can improve the clinical course of some adult patients with sickle cell anemia (SCA). In a randomized trial, we studied the biologic effects and the clinical benefit of HU in children and young adults with severe SCA. Twenty-five patients (median age, 9 years) were randomized to receive(More)
To reduce the risk of transmission of hepatitis A virus, an Octapharma produced factor VIII (fVIII) concentrate treated with solvent detergent (FVIII-SD) was further pasteurized after purification. This product, Octavi SDPlus (FVIII-SDP), was marketed in Europe in 1993 to 1995. Inhibitors appeared from September to October, 1995, in 12 of 109 previously(More)
Several studies have suggested a role of bone marrow stroma injury in long-term chemotherapy-induced hematopoietic failure. To evaluate whether bone marrow microenvironment is altered by chemotherapy for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and to determine its contribution to postchemotherapy anemia, we investigated the ability of stroma from children(More)
The short-term beneficial effect of hydroxyurea (HU) in sickle cell disease (SCD) has been proven by randomized studies in children and adults. The Belgian registry of HU-treated SCD patients was created to evaluate its long-term efficacy and toxicity. The median follow-up of the 93 patients registered is 3.5 years; clinical and laboratory data have been(More)
A defect in erythropoietin (EPO) production has been advocated as being the main cause of anemia presented at time of diagnosis or during treatment by adults with solid tumors. On the basis of this defect, anemic cancer patients, both adults and children, have been treated with recombinant human EPO (rHuEPO). To further elucidate the pathophysiology of(More)
Bone marrow transplantation (BMT) is the only curative therapy for sickle-cell disease (SCD), but is not devoid of failure risk. Nine patients with severe SCD were grafted in our institution between 1988 and 1993. Six patients successfully engrafted, but three failed to engraft and had delayed autologous recovery. All patients had, prior to BMT, low levels(More)
The metabolic burst (as measured by the spontaneous and stimulated nitroblue tetrazolium tests), the phagocytosis of heat inactivated bakers' yeast and of Staphylococcus aureus, the killing of Staph aureus, and the myeloperoxidase activity of polymorphonuclear neutrophils were studied in 11 patients receiving maintenance haemodialysis. Of these patients,(More)