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Malate dehydrogenase from the extreme halophilic Haloarcula marismortui (Hm MalDH) is an acidic protein that is unstable below molar salt concentrations. The solvated folded protein was studied by small-angle neutron scattering in solvents containing salt: NaCl, NaCH(3)CO(2), KF, NH(4)Cl, NH(4)CH(3)CO(2), (NH(4))(2)SO(4), MgCl(2), and MgSO(4). It was found(More)
Recently, we identified CyPBP37 of Neurospora crassa as a binding partner of cyclophilin41. CyPBP37 function had not yet been described, although orthologs in other organisms have been implicated in the biosynthesis of the thiazole moiety of thiamine (vitamin B1) and/or stress-related pathways. Here, CyPBP37 is characterized as an abundant cytosolic protein(More)
Most mitochondrial membrane proteins are synthesized in the cytosol and must be delivered to the organelle in an unfolded, import competent form. In mammalian cells, the cytosolic chaperones Hsp90 and Hsp70 are part of a large cytosolic complex that deliver the membrane protein to the mitochondrion by docking with the import receptor Tom70. These two(More)
The vertebrate 2-5A system is part of the innate immune system and central to cellular antiviral defense. Upon activation by viral double-stranded RNA, 5'-triphosphorylated, 2'-5'-linked oligoadenylate polyribonucleotides (2-5As) are synthesized by one of several 2'-5'-oligoadenylate synthetases. These unusual oligonucleotides activate RNase L, an(More)
Halophilic malate dehydrogenase unfolds at low salt, and increasing the salt concentration stabilizes, first, the folded form and then, in some cases, destabilizes it. From inactivation and fluorescence measurements performed on the protein after its incubation in the presence of various salts in a large range of concentrations, the apparent effects of(More)
The cytokine TWEAK and its cognate receptor Fn14 are members of the TNF/TNFR superfamily and are upregulated in tumors. We found that Fn14, when expressed in tumors, causes cachexia and that antibodies against Fn14 dramatically extended lifespan by inhibiting tumor-induced weight loss although having only moderate inhibitory effects on tumor growth.(More)
A proteogenomic analysis is presented for Venturia pirina, a fungus that causes scab disease on European pear (Pyrus communis). V. pirina is host-specific, and the infection is thought to be mediated by secreted effector proteins. Currently, only 36 V. pirina proteins are catalogued in GenBank, and the genome sequence is not publicly available. To identify(More)
Cyclophilins belong to the family of peptidyl-prolyl cis/trans isomerases (PPIases), which are ubiquitous and highly conserved enzymes capable of cis/trans isomerizing Xaa-Pro peptide bonds. Members of the CyP40-type cyclophilins have originally been described as components of hormone receptor complexes. Here, we describe NcCyP41, a CyP40 ortholog from(More)
We recently identified a novel protein, Rearranged L-myc fusion (Rlf), that is required for DNA hypomethylation and transcriptional activity at two specific regions of the genome known to be sensitive to epigenetic gene silencing. To identify other loci affected by the absence of Rlf, we have now analysed 12 whole genome bisulphite sequencing datasets(More)
The plant pathogenic fungus Fusarium graminearum (Fgr) creates economic and health risks in cereals agriculture. Fgr causes head blight (or scab) of wheat and stalk rot of corn, reducing yield, degrading grain quality, and polluting downstream food products with mycotoxins. Fungal plant pathogens must secrete proteases to access nutrition and to breakdown(More)