Learn More
Peroxynitrite is a potent oxidant formed by the rapid reaction of the free radicals nitric oxide (NO) and superoxide. It causes airway hyperresponsiveness and airway epithelial damage, enhances inflammatory cell recruitment, and inhibits pulmonary surfactant. Asthma is characterized by increased airway hyperresponsiveness, airway epithelial shedding, and(More)
BACKGROUND Morbidity and mortality from asthma appear to be increasing, and it has been suggested that medications used to treat asthma are contributing to this trend. We investigated a possible association between death or near death from asthma and the regular use of beta 2-agonist bronchodilators. METHODS Using linked health insurance data bases from(More)
The histopathology of bronchial asthma is associated with structural changes within the airways, including subepithelial fibrosis, as well as chronic eosinophilic inflammation. The mechanisms responsible for this tissue remodeling, and in particular the role of inflammatory cells, remain to be established. Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) is a(More)
This study was undertaken to identify subgroups of the population susceptible to the effects of ambient air particles. Fixed-site air pollution monitors in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, provided daily mean levels of various measures of particulates and gaseous pollutants. Total sulfates were also measured daily (1986-1993) at a monitoring station 150 km(More)
PURPOSE To compare the results achieved with myeloablative therapy followed by either allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (alloBMT) or autologous bone marrow transplantation (ABMT) for patients with Hodgkin's disease (HD). PATIENTS AND METHODS Of more than 1,200 patients with HD reported to the European Bone Marrow Transplantation (EBMT) registry, 49(More)
The PARI-IS Study is a double-blind placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial to study the effect of an immunostimulating agent to prevent acute respiratory exacerbation in patients with COPD. Three hundred eighty-one ambulatory patients (190 placebo and 191 immunostimulant) were followed at home for 6 mo by experienced research nurses. The risk of(More)
Interleukin-12 (IL-12) and IL-13 are two recently characterized cytokines which play an important role in the induction of T helper cell type 1 (Th1-) and Th2-like cells, respectively. Using the technique of in situ hybridization, we have investigated the expression of these cytokines in bronchial biopsies from nine allergic asthmatics and nine normal(More)
OBJECTIVES To provide physicians with current guidelines for the diagnosis and optimal management of asthma in children and adults, including pregnant women and the elderly, in office, emergency department, hospital and clinic settings. OPTIONS The consensus group considered the roles of education, avoidance of provocative environmental and other factors,(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the relationship between patterns of use of inhaled beclomethasone dipropionate and the risk of fatal and near-fatal asthma. DESIGN Nested case-control analysis of a historical cohort; a further analysis. SETTING The 12,301 residents of Saskatchewan aged 5 to 54 years who were dispensed 10 or more asthma drugs from 1978 to 1987. (More)