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We determined the prevalence of markers of atopy and asthma among 1, 199 rural secondary school students ages 12 to 19 yr. Subjects identified as having been raised on a farm and half as many subjects without regular exposure to a farming environment from the same school class completed a respiratory symptom questionnaire and underwent allergy skin tests(More)
The PARI-IS Study is a double-blind placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial to study the effect of an immunostimulating agent to prevent acute respiratory exacerbation in patients with COPD. Three hundred eighty-one ambulatory patients (190 placebo and 191 immunostimulant) were followed at home for 6 mo by experienced research nurses. The risk of(More)
BACKGROUND Systemic corticosteroids are known to increase diabetes risk, but the effects of high-dose inhaled corticosteroids are unknown. We assessed whether the use and dose of inhaled corticosteroids increase the risk of diabetes onset and progression. METHODS We formed a new-user cohort of patients treated for respiratory disease during 1990-2005,(More)
Peroxynitrite is a potent oxidant formed by the rapid reaction of the free radicals nitric oxide (NO) and superoxide. It causes airway hyperresponsiveness and airway epithelial damage, enhances inflammatory cell recruitment, and inhibits pulmonary surfactant. Asthma is characterized by increased airway hyperresponsiveness, airway epithelial shedding, and(More)
BACKGROUND To address the major methodological issues of reverse causation and selection bias in epidemiologic studies of antibiotic use in early life and the development of asthma, we undertook a cohort study of this association in a complete population of children. METHODS Using the health-care and prescription databases of Manitoba, Canada, this(More)
BACKGROUND Airway remodeling in asthma comprises a range of structural changes. Several studies have suggested an association between these changes and disease severity. The relationship between the extent of remodeling and lung function is not well defined. OBJECTIVE We sought to contrast the structural changes in the airways of well-defined groups of(More)
BACKGROUND A recent study found that short acting beta agonists used in the treatment of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) may increase the risk of acute myocardial infarction. We investigated this hypothesis in patients with COPD already at high risk of cardiac disease. METHODS The Saskatchewan Health Services databases were used to(More)
BACKGROUND Several sets of Canadian guidelines for the diagnosis and management of asthma have been published over the past 15 years. Since the last revision of the 1999 Canadian Asthma Consensus Report, important new studies have highlighted the need to incorporate new information into the asthma guidelines. OBJECTIVES To review the literature on adult(More)
This study was undertaken to identify subgroups of the population susceptible to the effects of ambient air particles. Fixed-site air pollution monitors in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, provided daily mean levels of various measures of particulates and gaseous pollutants. Total sulfates were also measured daily (1986-1993) at a monitoring station 150 km(More)
OBJECTIVES Chloramines, which are produced by the reaction of chlorine with the organic matter present in indoor pools, are potential airway irritants in swimmers. The objective of this study was to compare the prevalence of health complaints of young swimmers and young indoor soccer players and to evaluate the relationship between chloramine concentrations(More)