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BACKGROUND Morbidity and mortality from asthma appear to be increasing, and it has been suggested that medications used to treat asthma are contributing to this trend. We investigated a possible association between death or near death from asthma and the regular use of beta 2-agonist bronchodilators. METHODS Using linked health insurance data bases from(More)
We determined the prevalence of markers of atopy and asthma among 1, 199 rural secondary school students ages 12 to 19 yr. Subjects identified as having been raised on a farm and half as many subjects without regular exposure to a farming environment from the same school class completed a respiratory symptom questionnaire and underwent allergy skin tests(More)
PURPOSE A case-controlled study of patients who reported to the European Bone Marrow Transplant Group (EBMTG) was performed to investigate the relative roles and efficacy of allogeneic (alloBMT) and autologous bone marrow transplantation (ABMT) in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS Of 1,060 patients who reported to the lymphoma registry, 938(More)
The PARI-IS Study is a double-blind placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial to study the effect of an immunostimulating agent to prevent acute respiratory exacerbation in patients with COPD. Three hundred eighty-one ambulatory patients (190 placebo and 191 immunostimulant) were followed at home for 6 mo by experienced research nurses. The risk of(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the risk of lung cancer among sugar cane farmers and sugar mill workers. METHODS A case-control study was conducted based in six hospitals in the predominantly sugar cane farming districts of the province of Maharashtra in India. Newly diagnosed, histologically confirmed cases were identified from these hospitals between May 1996(More)
Peroxynitrite is a potent oxidant formed by the rapid reaction of the free radicals nitric oxide (NO) and superoxide. It causes airway hyperresponsiveness and airway epithelial damage, enhances inflammatory cell recruitment, and inhibits pulmonary surfactant. Asthma is characterized by increased airway hyperresponsiveness, airway epithelial shedding, and(More)
BACKGROUND Systemic corticosteroids are known to increase diabetes risk, but the effects of high-dose inhaled corticosteroids are unknown. We assessed whether the use and dose of inhaled corticosteroids increase the risk of diabetes onset and progression. METHODS We formed a new-user cohort of patients treated for respiratory disease during 1990-2005,(More)
BACKGROUND There is concern that antidiabetic incretin-based drugs, including dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP-4) inhibitors and glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) analogues, can increase the risk of heart failure. Ongoing clinical trials may not have large enough samples to effectively address this issue. METHODS We applied a common protocol in the analysis of(More)
BACKGROUND To address the major methodological issues of reverse causation and selection bias in epidemiologic studies of antibiotic use in early life and the development of asthma, we undertook a cohort study of this association in a complete population of children. METHODS Using the health-care and prescription databases of Manitoba, Canada, this(More)