Pierre Demaret

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The results of the Transfusion Requirements in Pediatric Intensive Care Unit study suggest that a red blood cell transfusion is not required in stable or stabilized pediatric intensive care unit children as long as their hemoglobin level is >7 g/dL. Subgroup analyses suggest that this recommendation is also adequate for stable critically ill children with a(More)
BACKGROUND Red blood cell (RBC) transfusions are common in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). However, there are no recent data on transfusion practices in the PICU. Our objective was to determine transfusion practice in the PICU, to compare this practice with that observed 10 years earlier, and to estimate the compliance to the recommendation of a(More)
Cancer is a leading cause of death in children. In the past decades, there has been a marked increase in overall survival of children with cancer. However, children whose treatment includes hematopoietic stem cell transplantation still represent a subpopulation with a higher risk of mortality. These improvements in mortality are accompanied by an increase(More)
UNLABELLED Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) is commonly used in paediatric intensive care units (PICUs) for respiratory failure. This review aims to improve paediatricians' understanding of NIV, by specifying technical or practical considerations, giving advice about selecting patients and presenting pertinent published data about NIV in different(More)
Neutropenia is defined by either an absolute or functional defect (acute myeloid leukemia or myelodysplastic syndrome) of polymorphonuclear neutrophils and is associated with high risk of specific complications that may require intensive care unit (ICU) admission. Specificities in the management of critically ill neutropenic patients prompted the(More)
RATIONALE Plasma transfusions are frequently prescribed for critically ill children, although their indications lack a strong evidence base. Plasma transfusions are largely driven by physician conceptions of need, and these are poorly documented in pediatric intensive care patients. OBJECTIVES To identify patient characteristics and to characterize(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify the potential complications associated with RBC transfusions. DESIGN Prospective observational study. SETTING PICU in a tertiary children's hospital. PATIENTS All children consecutively admitted to our PICU during a 1-year period. INTERVENTIONS None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS Data were abstracted from medical charts(More)
Pulmonary hypoplasia is a rare cause of neonatal dyspnea almost always secondary to other conditions. We report an exceedingly rare case of primary unilateral pulmonary hypoplasia. This case illustrates the role of prenatal magnetic resonance imaging when this condition is suspected during the fetal life. Combined with ultrasounds, this imaging modality(More)