Pierre Cuchet

Learn More
Methylated fatty acids labeled with radioactive iodine have been proposed as a means of studying regional myocardial uptake of fatty acids in man. To investigate the methylated fatty acid that is best adapted for an assessment of uptake, we have studied the influence of the number and the position of the methyl groups of IFA intracellular metabolism;(More)
External counting, intracellular and subcellular distribution of (16 123I) iodohexadecenoic acid are studied on isolated rat hearts perfused with or without glucose. The presence of an exogenous substrate reduces the fatty acid oxidation and induces an increase of total cardiac and organic fraction activities. In this fraction, activity is very low for free(More)
Labelled fatty acids have been proposed to explore cardiac metabolism. For the analysis of the external detection curve obtained with 16-iodo 9-hexadecenoic acid (IHA), we developed a mathematical 4-compartment model with compartments 0, 1, 2 and 3 representing vascular IHA, intracellular IHA, esterified forms and iodide, respectively. This model, used here(More)
Biliary excretion of cholesterol, phospholipids and bile salts, and the excretion of labeled cholesterol injected intravenously were studied in rats treated for 1 or 3 weeks with the hypolipidemic drugs tiadenol and clofibrate. Total biliary cholesterol concentration and output decreased in treated rats, and the cholesterol solubility ratio increased. The(More)
In order to study metabolic modifications induced by short term fasting and their consequences on the uptake and intracellular fate of fatty acids iodine labelled in omega position, rats undergo a 36h fasting. Hearts are perfused in a Langendorff system with a glucose (11 mM) perfusion medium; [123I] hexadecenoic acid (IHA) is injected as a bolus. A(More)
The aim of the work presented here was to compare the biliary elimination of cholesterol and the different bile acids of rats that had been made hypolipidemic by short-term treatments with clofibrate or tiadenol. Both treatments induced a significant decrease in cholesterol output in the bile. The analysis of the different bile acids showed a decrease in(More)
The intracellular and subcellular distribution of 16-(123I)-iodo-9-hexadecenoic acid were studied in isolated rat hearts, perfused with or without glucose. At various time intervals after injection, cardiac lipids were extracted and the activity was determined for all fractions and all lipid calsses. The total cardiac activity was maximal within 1 min(More)
In order to choose a labelled fatty acid (FA) for the external study of myocardial metabolism, FAs that are different in chain length, saturation, nature and position of the radioactive label, are injected i.v. into mice. Myocardial and blood activities are measured at various times p.i. It appears that hexadecanoic and hexadecenoic acids, iodine labelled(More)
The objective of the present study was to determine the mechanism of accumulation of myocardial activity following i.v. injection of 15-(paraiodophenyl)-3 methyl pentadecanoic acid (IMPPA). IMPPA and 15 phenyl-3 methyl pentadecanoic acid (MPPA) were labeled with 14C at position 1 and used to perfuse isolated rat hearts in a closed system. After 5 min of(More)