Pierre Croisille

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BACKGROUND Experimental evidence suggests that cyclosporine, which inhibits the opening of mitochondrial permeability-transition pores, attenuates lethal myocardial injury that occurs at the time of reperfusion. In this pilot trial, we sought to determine whether the administration of cyclosporine at the time of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)(More)
BACKGROUND Contrast-enhanced fast magnetic resonance (MR) images of acute, reperfused human infarcts demonstrate regions of hypoenhancement and hyperenhancement. The relations between the spatial extent and time course of these enhancement patterns to myocardial risk, infarct, and no-reflow regions have not been well characterized. METHODS AND RESULTS The(More)
Diffuse interstitial or replacement myocardial fibrosis is a common feature of a broad variety of cardiomyopathies. Myocardial fibrosis leads to impaired cardiac diastolic and systolic function and is related to adverse cardiovascular events. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) may uniquely characterize the extent of replacement fibrosis and may have(More)
BACKGROUND To limit ischemic myocardial injury, it is important to differentiate viable from infarcted myocardium. Three dimensional (3D) tagged MRI has the ability to quantify myocardial 3D deformation and strain (noninvasively and precisely), and can achieve a true comparison of contraction not only from region to region, but also at different levels of(More)
BACKGROUND Diastolic dysfunction is considered the first marker of diabetic cardiomyopathy. However, preclinical systolic alteration was also recently described by strain, but its association with diastolic dysfunction has never been investigated. METHODS One hundred fourteen patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) with controlled blood pressure and(More)
OBJECTIVES This study examined the effect of a single dose of cyclosporine administered at the time of reperfusion on left ventricular (LV) remodeling and function by cardiac magnetic resonance 5 days and 6 months after myocardial infarction. BACKGROUND In a human study, administration of cyclosporine at the time of acute reperfusion was associated with a(More)
OBJECTIVES This study aimed to determine whether post-conditioning at the time of percutaneous coronary intervention could reduce reperfusion-induced myocardial edema in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). BACKGROUND Myocardial edema is a reperfusion injury with potentially severe consequences. Post-conditioning is a(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether extraction of pulmonary vessels from computed tomographic (CT) images with automated segmentation improves the detection of pulmonary nodules. MATERIALS AND METHODS Simulated nodules were superimposed on normal spiral CT images. Eight patients referred for CT assessment of pulmonary nodules were selected for clinical(More)
This paper describes an automated edge detection method for the delineation of the endo- and epicardial borders of the left ventricle from magnetic resonance (MR) images. The feasibility of this technique was demonstrated by processing temporal series of cardiac MR images obtained in 12 healthy subjects and acquired from the apex to the base of the heart in(More)
BACKGROUND In normal subjects, left ventricular (LV) dimensions have been shown to decrease over time, while wall thickness is increasing. The aim of this study was to investigate LV remodeling in a cohort of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus during a 3-year follow-up period and its potential association with decreased longitudinal systolic strain(More)