Pierre Coutu

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A requirement for integrin-mediated adhesion in cardiac physiology is revealed through targeted deletion of integrin-associated genes in the murine heart. Here we show that targeted ablation of the integrin-linked kinase (ILK) expression results in spontaneous cardiomyopathy and heart failure by 6 wk of age. Deletion of ILK results in disaggregation of(More)
BACKGROUND Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a common cause of atrial fibrillation. Focal sources of unknown mechanism have been described in CHF-related atrial fibrillation. The authors hypothesized that abnormal calcium (Ca(2+)) handling contributes to the CHF-related atrial arrhythmogenic substrate. METHODS AND RESULTS CHF was induced in dogs by(More)
BACKGROUND Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common acquired arrhythmia with multi-factorial pathogenesis. Recently, a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP, A/G) at position 112 in the KCNE1 gene, resulting in a glycine/serine amino acid substitution at position 38 of the minK peptide, was associated with AF occurrence (AF more frequent with minK38G); however,(More)
Parvalbumin (PV) has recently been shown to increase the relaxation rate when expressed in intact isolated cardiac myocytes via adenovirus gene transfer. We report here a combined experimental and mathematical modeling approach to determine the dose-response and the sarcomere length (SL) shortening-frequency relationship of PV in adult rat cardiac myocytes(More)
Elucidating the relative roles of cardiac troponin I (cTnI) and phospholamban (PLN) in beta-adrenergic-mediated hastening of cardiac relaxation has been challenging and controversial. To test the hypothesis that beta-adrenergic phosphorylation of cTnI has a prominent role in accelerating cardiac myocyte relaxation performance we used transgenic (Tg) mice(More)
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy mutations A63V and E180G in alpha-tropomyosin (alpha-Tm) have been shown to cause slow cardiac muscle relaxation. In this study, we used two complementary genetic strategies, gene transfer in isolated rat myocytes and transgenesis in mice, to ascertain whether parvalbumin (Parv), a myoplasmic calcium buffer, could correct the(More)
Mutations in tropomyosin (Tm) have been linked to distinct inherited diseases of cardiac and skeletal muscle, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), and nemaline myopathy (NM). How HCM and NM mutations in nearly identical Tm proteins produce the vastly divergent clinical phenotypes of heightened, prolonged cardiac muscle contraction in HCM and skeletal muscle(More)
Diastolic heart failure (HF) is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, and is a growing medical problem in this country. Diastolic dysfunction is defined as an abnormality in myocardial relaxation that impairs filling during diastole and contributes to the clinical syndrome of HF. Effective clinical strategies to treat diastolic dysfunction(More)
We developed a mathematical model specific to rat ventricular myocytes that includes electrophysiological representation, ionic homeostasis, force production, and sarcomere movement. We used this model to interpret, analyze, and compare two genetic manipulations that have been shown to increase myocyte relaxation rates, parvalbumin (Parv) de novo(More)
Transient outward K+ current (I to) downregulation following sustained tachycardia in vivo is usually attributed to tachycardiomyopathy. This study assessed potential direct rate regulation of cardiac I(to) and underlying mechanisms. Cultured adult canine left ventricular cardiomyocytes (37 degrees C) were paced continuously at 1 or 3 Hz for 24 hours. I to(More)