Pierre Chevaldonné

Learn More
Little doubt is left that climate change is underway, strongly affecting the Earth's biodiversity. Some of the greatest challenges ahead concern the marine realm, but it is unclear to what extent changes will affect marine ecosystems. The Mediterranean Sea could give us some of the answers. Data recovered from its shores and depths have shown that sea(More)
Societal concerns over the potential impacts of recent global change have prompted renewed interest in the long-term ecological monitoring of large ecosystems. The deep sea is the largest ecosystem on the planet, the least accessible, and perhaps the least understood. Nevertheless, deep-sea data collected over the last few decades are now being synthesised(More)
Marine organisms typically fall into two main categories: those with a high level of population structuring and those with a low one. The first are often found to be poor dispersers, following isolation by distance or stepping-stone theoretical predictions. The second are commonly associated with high-dispersal taxa and are best described by the island(More)
Sponges are an important source of secondary metabolites showing a great diversity of structures and biological activities. Secondary metabolites can display specificity on different taxonomic levels, from species to phylum, which can make them good taxonomic biomarkers. However, the knowledge available on the metabolome of non-model organisms is often(More)
One of the unusual features of DNA-containing organelles in general and mitochondria in particular is the frequent occurrence of RNA editing [1]. The term "RNA editing" refers to a variety of mechanistically unrelated biochemical processes that alter RNA sequence during or after transcription [2]. The editing can be insertional, deletional, or(More)
1 Tropical Biosphere Research Center, University of the Ryukyus, Motobu, Okinawa, Japan, 2 Research and Development Center for Submarine Resources, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Yokosuka, Japan, 3 Department of Genetics and Evolution, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland, 4 National Oceanography Centre, University of Southampton(More)
Habitat fragmentation and climate change are two major threats on biodiversity. Fragmentation limits the number of patches and their decreased connectivity cannot always maintain populations at dynamic equilibrium. The natural extreme fragmentation of marine cave habitats represents an opportunity to understand how these processes interact. The hypothesis(More)
Mitochondrial genomes have recently become widely used in animal phylogeny, mainly to infer the relationships between vertebrates and other bilaterians. However, only 11 of 723 complete mitochondrial genomes available in the public databases are of early metazoans, including cnidarians (Anthozoa, mainly Scleractinia) and sponges. Although some cnidarians(More)
Deep-sea hydrothermal-vent organisms are often cited as examples of adaptation to extreme environmental conditions. Since the discovery of the first ‘black smokers’ (the vent chimneys expelling superheated metal-laden fluids), the polychaete worm Alvinella pompejana has been considered the invertebrate most exposed to the harsh conditions, hence its(More)
Since its description from the Galapagos Rift in the mid-1980s, Archinome rosacea has been recorded at hydrothermal vents in the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian Oceans. Only recently was a second species described from the Pacific Antarctic Ridge. We inferred the identities and evolutionary relationships of Archinome representatives sampled from across the(More)