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Establishment of a human model of the blood-brain barrier has proven to be a difficult goal. To accomplish this, normal human brain endothelial cells were transduced by lentiviral vectors incorporating human telomerase or SV40 T antigen. Among the many stable immortalized clones obtained by sequential limiting dilution cloning of the transduced cells, one(More)
HIV-1 and other lentiviruses have the unique property among retroviruses to replicate in nondividing cells. This property relies on the use of a nuclear import pathway enabling the viral DNA to cross the nuclear membrane of the host cell. In HIV-1 reverse transcription, a central strand displacement event consecutive to central initiation and termination of(More)
Neurogenesis persists within a few restricted areas of the adult mammalian brain, giving rise to neurons that functionally integrate into preexisting circuits. One of these areas, the subventricular zone (SVZ), was believed, until recently, to be the unique source providing the adult olfactory bulb (OB) with newborn neurons. Because of the fact that(More)
We recently reported that human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) unintegrated linear DNA displays a discontinuity in its plus strand, precisely defined by a second copy of the polypurine tract (PPT) located near the middle of the genome (P. Charneau and F. Clavel, J. Virol. 65:2415-2421, 1991). This central PPT appears to determine a second initiation(More)
In response to hormonal stimuli, a cascade of hierarchical post-translational modifications of nuclear receptors are required for the correct expression of target genes. Here, we show that the transcription factor TFIIH, via its cdk7 kinase, phosphorylates the androgen receptor (AR) at position AR/S515. Strikingly, this phosphorylation is a key step for an(More)
During HIV-1 reverse transcription, the plus-strand of viral DNA is synthesized as two discrete segments. We show here that synthesis of the upstream segment terminates at the center of the genome after an 88 or 98 nucleotide strand displacement of the downstream segment, initiated at the central polypurine tract. Thus, the final structure of unintegrated(More)
Nuclear translocation of beta-catenin and its association with Tcf/Lef factors are key steps in transduction of the Wnt signal, which is aberrantly activated in a variety of human cancers. In a search for new beta-catenin-Tcf target genes, we analyzed beta-catenin-induced alterations of gene expression in primary human hepatocytes, after transduction of(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and associated liver cirrhosis represent a major risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development. TGF-beta is an important driver of liver fibrogenesis and cancer; however, its actual impact in human cancer progression is still poorly known. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of(More)
Dengue virus (DENV) causes the major arboviral disease of the tropics, characterized in its severe forms by signs of hemorrhage and plasma leakage. DENV encodes a nonstructural glycoprotein, NS1, that associates with intracellular membranes and the cell surface. NS1 is eventually secreted as a soluble hexamer from DENV-infected cells and circulates in the(More)
The recent development of lentivirus-derived vectors is an important breakthrough in gene transfer technology because these vectors allow transduction of nondividing cells such as hematopoietic stem cells (HSC), due to an active nuclear import of reverse-transcribed vector DNA. We recently demonstrated that addition of the central DNA flap of HIV-1 to an(More)