Pierre Chapillon

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The effects of an enriched rearing environment on two types of anxiety-like behavior (designated "trait" and "state" anxiety) and on spontaneous activity were investigated in two inbred strains of mice, BALB/c (C) and C57BL/6(B6). Subjects were socially reared from birth to 56 days of age under enriched or standard rearing conditions. The enriched(More)
Interactions between the organism and its environment, during pregnancy as well as during the postnatal period, can lead to important neurobehavioral changes. We briefly review the literature, and successively present the main results from our laboratory concerning the behavioral effects of prenatal stress, differential rearing conditions, and postnatal(More)
Early stimulation by environmental enrichment generally leads to improved learning abilities in rodents. However, the effects of environmental enrichment on emotional reactivity remain more questionable and were mostly studied by using classical tests of anxiety based on confrontation with a novel environment. The main goal of our study was to use different(More)
In this study, we tested the ability of risk assessment and exploration behaviours to emphasise PH effects. Indeed, postnatal handling (PH) decreases emotional reactivity in rats but inconsistent behavioural results can be observed and may be due to false negative (i.e. existing effects are not detected). Risk assessment behaviours were measured in the(More)
The rodent elevated plus-maze is based on an approach/avoidance conflict between secure closed arms and aversive open arms that can be measured to assess anxiety. Despite this apparent simplicity, several discrepancies emerge from the interpretation of an animal’s behavior in the maze, especially when considering the one-trial tolerance effect. In order to(More)
Harmaline (HA) is a beta-carboline commonly known to provoke motor alterations through activation of cells in the inferior olive. In addition, this pharmacological agent also induces cognitive disturbances such as motor and spatial learning impairments. In order to complete and extend these data, we examined the effects of this drug on state anxiety in(More)
The Lurcher mutation is characterized by degeneration of the cerebellar cortex and cerebellar ataxia. The mutants were compared to littermate controls of the same background strain in three spatial tasks: 1) left-right discrimination in a water-filled T-maze, a reference memory task requiring a win-stay strategy; 2) the radial arm maze, a working memory(More)
There is considerable improvement of motor coordination on the rotorod during the first 3 weeks of development in rats. The purpose of the present study was to determine some factors implicated in this improvement. From days 15-22 of age, rats were: (1) extensively trained on the rotorod; (2) minimally trained on the rotorod; (3) handled daily but not(More)
This set of two experiments investigated the capacities of C57BL/6 mice to integrate visual distal information. In the first study, we submitted mice of two ages (22 and 65 day old) to the place learning version of the Morris water task. After the acquisition phase, the mice were put in one of three conditions: (1) a classical probe test (only the platform(More)
A recent study reported few effects of postnatal handling in the defensive burying test. Since the importance of testing conditions has been emphasised in this paradigm, the lack of handling effects in this test could be attributed to the testing situation. Our experiment was carried out to test whether postnatal handling in DA/HAN strain rats have positive(More)