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Several million people are exposed to dioxin and dioxin-like compounds, primarily through food consumption. Skin lesions historically called "chloracne" are the most specific sign of abnormal dioxin exposure and classically used as a key marker in humans. We followed for 5 years a man who had been exposed to the most toxic dioxin,(More)
Close relationships between Merkel cells (MC) and nerve endings (NE) exist in the adult mouse. Because MC may serve as targets for the ingrowth of NE during embryogenesis, the purpose of the present study was to analyze the relationship between MC and NE during embryogenesis. Frozen tissue from whisker pads and backs of NMRI mouse embryos (12-17 d(More)
The transmembrane glycoprotein CD44 is currently thought to be the main cell surface receptor for the glycosaminoglycan hyaluronate. We previously showed that (1) CD44 regulate keratinocyte proliferation; (2) topical retinoids dramatically increase the expression of CD44, hyaluronate and hyaluronate synthase (HAS)s in mouse epidermis; (3) topical(More)
BACKGROUND UV irradiation can deplete epidermal vitamin A, thus the hypothesis that UV-induced depletion of vitamin A in sun-exposed skin is involved in the pathogenesis of skin cancers and skin ageing. OBJECTIVES In this study we addressed two questions: (1) Are retinol (ROL) and retinyl esters (RE) - the two predominant forms of vitamin A - equally(More)
We have previously shown that retinaldehyde (RAL), a natural metabolite of beta-carotene and retinol (ROL), can be used topically in human skin and exerts biological activity; it may be a convenient way to deliver multipotential vitamin A activity in epidermis. RAL can be converted enzymatically into 2 pathways: one leads to ROL (and then retinyl esters),(More)
BACKGROUND Intense pulsed light (IPL) generates high-intensity short flashes of visible light and has been used for about 10 years to improve dermatological conditions such as telangiectasia, pigmented lesions, and skin aging. Although these systems deliver a moderate dose (10-30 J/cm(2)) of visible light, this dose is delivered during a short pulse (2-5(More)
In hairless mice, epidermal vitamin A (retinol and retinyl esters) is strongly decreased following a single exposure to UVB. Here, using the same mouse model, we studied the effects of UVA on epidermal vitamin A content, lipid peroxidation, and CRBP-I expression, as well as the putative prevention of vitamin A depletion or lipid peroxidation by topical(More)
BACKGROUND An increased incidence of ultraviolet-light-related skin tumours is a well-known problem in patients undergoing posttransplantation immunosuppression with systemic calcineurin inhibitors such as cyclosporine A or tacrolimus. UV-related carcinogenesis as a consequence of long-term treatment of sun-exposed sites with topical calcineurin inhibitors(More)
BACKGROUND Skin atrophy is a common manifestation of aging and is frequently accompanied by ulceration and delayed wound healing. With an increasingly aging patient population, management of skin atrophy is becoming a major challenge in the clinic, particularly in light of the fact that there are no effective therapeutic options at present. METHODS AND(More)
Retinyl esters, a storage form of vitamin A, concentrate in the epidermis, and absorb ultraviolet radiation with a maximum at 325 nm. We wondered whether these absorbing properties of retinyl esters might have a biologically relevant filter activity. We first used an in vitro model to assess the photoprotective properties of retinyl palmitate. We then(More)