Pierre Bruhns

Learn More
Distinct genes encode 6 human receptors for IgG (hFcgammaRs), 3 of which have 2 or 3 polymorphic variants. The specificity and affinity of individual hFcgammaRs for the 4 human IgG subclasses is unknown. This information is critical for antibody-based immunotherapy which has been increasingly used in the clinics. We investigated the binding of polyclonal(More)
Mouse IgG subclasses display a hierarchy of in vivo activities, with IgG2a and IgG2b showing the greatest protective and pathogenic properties. These enhanced activities result, in part, from their ability to bind to a novel, gamma chain-dependent, activating IgG Fc receptor, FcgammaRIV. FcgammaRIV maps in the 75 kb genomic interval between FcgammaRII and(More)
Impressive advances in defining the properties of receptors for the Fc portion of immunoglobulins (FcR) have been made over the past several years. Ligand specificities were systematically analyzed for both human and mouse FcRs that revealed novel receptors for specific IgG subclasses. Expression patterns were redefined using novel specific anti-FcR mAbs(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) and macrophages use various receptors to recognize foreign antigens and to receive feedback control from adaptive immune cells. Although it was long believed that all immunoglobulin Fc receptors are universally expressed by phagocytes, recent findings indicate that only monocyte-derived DCs and macrophages express high levels of(More)
The low affinity receptor for IgG, FcgammaRIIB, functions to dampen the antibody response and reduce the risk of autoimmunity. This function is reportedly mediated in part by inhibition of B cell antigen receptor (BCR)-mediated p21ras activation, though the basis of this inhibition is unknown. We show here that FcgammaRIIB-BCR coaggregation leads to(More)
FcgammaRIV is a recently identified mouse activating receptor for IgG2a and IgG2b that is expressed on monocytes, macrophages, and neutrophils; herein it is referred to as mFcgammaRIV. Although little is known about mFcgammaRIV, it has been proposed to be the mouse homolog of human FcgammaRIIIA (hFcgammaRIIIA) because of high sequence homology. Our work,(More)
Fc gamma RIIB are IgG receptors that inhibit immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (ITAM)-dependent cell activation. Inhibition depends on an immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibition motif (ITIM) that is phosphorylated upon Fc gamma RIIB coaggregation with ITAM-bearing receptors and recruits SH2 domain-containing phosphatases. Agarose bead-coated(More)
The ability of IVIG to induce expression of Fc gamma RIIB and thereby prevent antibody-induced inflammation has been used as a probe to dissect the effector cell components in the KRNxNOD (K/BxN) arthritis model. IVIG protection resulted from the induction of Fc gamma RIIB on infiltrating macrophages but not neutrophils, indicating a critical role for(More)
Killer cell inhibitory receptors (KIRs) inhibit NK and T cell cytotoxicity when recognizing MHC class I molecules on target cells. They possess two tandem intracytoplasmic immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibition motifs (ITIMs) that, when phosphorylated, each bind to the two Src homology 2 domain-bearing protein tyrosine phosphatases SHP-1 and SHP-2 in(More)
Anaphylaxis is a life-threatening hyperacute immediate hypersensitivity reaction. Classically, it depends on IgE, FcεRI, mast cells, and histamine. However, anaphylaxis can also be induced by IgG antibodies, and an IgG1-induced passive type of systemic anaphylaxis has been reported to depend on basophils. In addition, it was found that neither mast cells(More)