Pierre Brissot

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Juvenile hemochromatosis is an early-onset autosomal recessive disorder of iron overload resulting in cardiomyopathy, diabetes and hypogonadism that presents in the teens and early 20s (refs. 1,2). Juvenile hemochromatosis has previously been linked to the centromeric region of chromosome 1q (refs. 3-6), a region that is incomplete in the human genome(More)
Considering that the development of hepatic lesions related to iron overload diseases might be a result of abnormally expressed hepatic genes, we searched for new genes up-regulated under the condition of iron excess. By suppressive subtractive hybridization performed between livers from carbonyl iron-overloaded and control mice, we isolated a 225-base pair(More)
BACKGROUND Besides transferrin iron, which represents the normal form of circulating iron, non-transferrin bound iron (NTBI) has been identified in the plasma of patients with various pathological conditions in which transferrin saturation is significantly elevated. SCOPE OF THE REVIEW To show that: i) NTBI is present not only during chronic iron overload(More)
Liver pathology was assessed in 135 patients with well-defined genetic hemochromatosis ranging from mild disease to severe overload. Three lesions were clearly linked to iron-overload intensity--scarce sidero-necrosis, mild inflammation, and progressive fibrosis. Iron-free foci made of typical or dysplastic hepatocytes were found in 7.4% of the cases. An(More)
The mutation responsible for most cases of genetic haemochromatosis in Europe (HFE C282Y) appears to have been originated as a unique event on a chromosome carrying HLA-A3 and -B7. It is often described as a “Celtic mutation”—originating in a Celtic population in central Europe and spreading west and north by population movement. It has also been suggested(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Hepatic iron overload has been reported in various metabolic conditions, including the insulin-resistance syndrome (IRS) and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). The aim of this study was to show that such hepatic iron overload is part of a unique and unrecognized entity. METHODS A total of 161 non-C282Y-homozygous patients with(More)
Originally identified as a gene up-regulated by iron overload in mouse liver, the HEPC gene encodes hepcidin, the first mammalian liver-specific antimicrobial peptide and potential key regulator of iron metabolism. Here we demonstrate that during rat liver development, amounts of HEPC transcripts were very low in fetal liver, strongly and transiently(More)
BACKGROUND We investigated patients who had unexplained hepatic iron overload and normal transferrin saturation. METHODS 65 patients with a median liver iron concentration of 65 mumol/g dry weight of liver (normal < 36 mumol/g), hyperferritinaemia (566 micrograms/L; normal < 400 micrograms/L), and normal transferrin saturations (32%) were compared with(More)
PURPOSE To assess the role of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in detection and quantification of liver iron overload. MATERIALS AND METHODS MR imaging at 0.5 T was prospectively performed on 77 patients (67 with liver iron overload and 10 without) who underwent a liver biopsy with biochemical determination of the liver iron concentration (LIC) (normal, <(More)
Non-transferrin-bound iron (NTBI) has been reported to be associated with several clinical states such as thalassemia, hemochromatosis, and in patients receiving chemotherapy. We have investigated a number of ligands as potential alternatives to nitrilotriacetic acid (NTA) to capture NTBI without chelating transferrin- or ferritin-bound iron in plasma. We(More)