Pierre Bongrand

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We develop a thermodynamic calculus for the modeling of cell adhesion. By means of this approach, we are able to compute the end results of competition between the formation of specific macromolecular bridges and nonspecific repulsion arising from electrostatic forces and osmotic (steric stabilization) forces. Using this calculus also allows us to derive in(More)
The adhesion of moving cells to receptor-bearing surfaces is a key step to many important biological processes. Attachment was subjected to extensive modeling. However, the numerical values of kinetic bonding parameters relevant to realistic models of cell adhesion remain poorly known. In this report, we describe the motion of human granulocytes to(More)
OBJECTIVE The etiopathogenesis of Behçet's disease (BD) has not yet been clarified but might involve immune dysfunction. As cytokines are involved in the regulation of immune responses and inflammatory reactions, we investigated whether they may play a role in the pathogenesis of BD. METHODS We investigated spontaneous and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)(More)
Thrombin, a central molecule in coagulation, is also involved in inflammation. Notably, thrombin induces endothelial neutrophil adhesion, P- and E-selectin expression, and chemokine production. We show here that thrombin induces expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1; CD54) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1; CD106) on human(More)
Inflammation is characterized by migration of neutrophils through the endothelium, and the chemokine interleukin-8 (IL-8) appears to be involved. We asked whether adherence of cells bearing a membrane-form of interleukin 1 (IL-1) induces IL-8 secretion from human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) and fibroblasts. Human peripheral blood mononuclear(More)
Mediterranean spotted fever due to infection by Rickettsia conorii, is characterized by a general vasculitis. This vasculitis is thought to be due to a direct injury to endothelial cells induced by R. conorii. However, production and activity of cytokines on endothelial cells is an important pathway in inflammation, and part of the underlying mechanism of(More)
It is not well known how the kinetic constants of association between soluble receptors and ligands may be used to predict the behavior of these molecules when they are bound to cell surfaces. Spherical beads were coated with varying densities of anti-rabbit immunoglobulin monoclonal antibodies and driven along glass surfaces derivatized with rabbit(More)
The functional activity of leukocyte integrins is highly regulated by several mechanisms related to intrinsic molecular properties and receptor interaction with the cell membrane. Here, we present a microkinetic study of the lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1-mediated interaction between flowing Jurkat cells and surface- or cell-bound intercellular(More)
Endothelial cells play a key role in prominent immunological and pathological processes such as leukocyte trafficking, inflammation, atheroma or cancer cell metastasis. Umbilical veins are probably the most widely used source for human endothelial cells, since they are more easily available than many other vessels, they are free from any pathological(More)
Most infections due to intracellular bacteria respond poorly to antibiotic treatment. The chemical conditions within the subcellular site of bacteria may change antibiotic activity. Coxiella burnetii multiplies within phagolysosomes. The antimicrobial activity of antibiotics combined with the lysosomotropic agents amantadine (1 microgram/mL), chloroquine (1(More)