Learn More
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a serious cause of chronic liver disease worldwide with more than 170 million infected individuals at risk of developing significant morbidity and mortality. Current interferon-based therapies are suboptimal especially in patients infected with HCV genotype 1, and they are poorly tolerated, highlighting the unmet medical(More)
BACKGROUND Tetrodotoxin (TTX) is a powerful sodium channel blocker extracted from the puffer fish. The analgesic effects of TTX were investigated in different animal pain models. METHODS Wistar rats were submitted to the formalin test and to partial ligation of the sciatic nerve (Seltzer's model). Swiss Webster mice were used in the writhing test. Rodents(More)
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) inhibit fatty acid amidohydrolase (FAAH), the enzyme responsible for the metabolism of anandamide, an endocannabinoid. The analgesic interactions between anandamide (0.01 microg), ibuprofen (0.1 microg) and rofecoxib (0.1 microg) or their combinations administered locally in the hind paw of neuropathic rats were(More)
Anandamide, an endocannabinoid, is degraded by the enzyme fatty acid amide hydrolase which can be inhibited by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). The present work was designed to study the peripheral interactions between anandamide and ibuprofen (a non-specific cyclooxygenase inhibitor) in the rat formalin test. We first determined the ED50 for(More)
The saphenous partial ligation (SPL) model is a new, easily performed, rodent model of neuropathic pain that consists of a unilateral partial injury to the saphenous nerve. The present study describes behavioral, pharmacological and molecular properties of this model. Starting between 3 and 5 days after surgery, depending on the modality tested, animals(More)
Neuropathic pain is one of the most inextricable problems encountered in clinics, because few facts are known about its etiology. Nerve injury often leads to allodynia and hyperalgesia, which are symptoms of neuropathic pain. The aim of this study was to understand some molecular and electrophysiological mechanisms of neuropathic pain after chronic(More)
Paracetamol analgesic mechanism of action is still poorly defined but mainly involves central inhibition of cyclooxygenases. Here we tested the peripheral antinociceptive effects of paracetamol (intraplantar injections) in a rat model of neuropathic pain. Paracetamol dose-dependently decreased mechanical allodynia and lowered nociceptive scores associated(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE 2-arachidonoyl glycerol (2-AG) is an endogenous cannabinoid with central antinociceptive properties. Its degradation is catalysed by monoacylglycerol lipase (MGL) whose activity is inhibited by URB602, a new synthetic compound. The peripheral antinociceptive effects of 2-AG and URB602 in an inflammatory model of pain are not yet(More)
The recent identification of receptors sensitive to cold stimuli increased the significance of using mice to study cold allodynia, one of the important features of neuropathic pain. However, commonly used techniques (simple cold plate and acetone technique) may be inappropriate to study cold allodynia in mice because of problems of interpretation. We have(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE There are limited options for the treatment of neuropathic pain. Endocannabinoids, such as anandamide and 2-arachidonoyl glycerol (2-AG), are promising pain modulators and there is recent evidence of interactions between anandamide and 2-AG biosynthesis and metabolism. It has been clearly demonstrated that 2-AG degradation is mainly(More)