Pierre Baldet

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The GDP-D-mannose 3,5-epimerase (GME, EC, which converts GDP-d-mannose to GDP-l-galactose, is generally considered to be a central enzyme of the major ascorbate biosynthesis pathway in higher plants, but experimental evidence for its role in planta is lacking. Using transgenic tomato lines that were RNAi-silenced for GME, we confirmed that GME(More)
To understand the significance of estrogen receptor beta (ERbeta) in mammary carcinogenesis, we evaluated the expression of ERbeta in preinvasive mammary tumors. The percentage of ERbeta-positive epithelial or tumoral cells was assayed by quantitative immunohistochemistry using an image analyzer in 130 lesions of varying histological risk from 118 patients(More)
Non-green algae have Rubiscos that are phylogenetically distinct from their counterparts in green algae and higher plants. Some non-green-algal Rubiscos are more specific for CO2, relative to O2, than higher-plant Rubiscos, sometimes coupled with lower Michaelis constants for CO2. If these Rubiscos could be substituted for the higher-plant enzyme, and if(More)
Fresh fruit and vegetables are a major source of ascorbic acid (vitamin C), an important antioxidant for the human diet and also for plants. Ascorbic acid content in fruit exhibits a quantitative inheritance. Quantitative trait loci (QTL) for ascorbic acid content have been mapped in three tomato populations derived from crosses between cultivated tomato(More)
The cell expansion phase contributes in determining the major characteristics of a fleshy fruit and represents two-thirds of the total fruit development in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum). So far, it has received very little attention. To evaluate the interest of a genomic scale approach, we performed an initial sequencing of approximately 1,200 cell(More)
L-Galactono-1,4-lactone dehydrogenase (EC catalyzes the last step in the main pathway of vitamin C (L-ascorbic acid) biosynthesis in higher plants. In this study, we first characterized the spatial and temporal expression of SlGalLDH in several organs of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) plants in parallel with the ascorbate content.(More)
Young pea leaves contain two structurally different forms of acetyl-CoA carboxylase (EC; ACCase). A minor form, which accounted for about 20% of the total ACCase activity in the whole leaf, was detected in the epidermal tissue. This enzyme was soluble and was purified to homogeneity from young pea leaf extracts. It consisted of a dimer of two(More)
Processes involved in the uptake and fixation of dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) were characterised for Coccomyxa, the green algal primary photobiont of the lichen Peltigera aphthosa and compared with the freeliving alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii Dangeard (WT cc 125+). A mass-spectrometer disequilibrium technique was used to quantify fluxes of both HCO(More)
Considering the special relation of human multiple myeloma (MM) to bones, it is of importance to clarify the early steps of bone involvement in this disease. In this work, using bone histomorphometry (including histoenzymologic and kinetic studies for the first time), we have evaluated the bone remodeling (i.e., bone resorption and bone formation rates) of(More)
Biotin biosynthesis was investigated in lavender cell cultures (Lavandula vera L.). Two different biological assays and two different HPLC procedures were used to identify all the intermediates involved in biotin biosynthesis. The pathway for biotin biosynthesis could be analyzed starting with [3H]pimelic acid as precursor, leading to labelled biotin and(More)