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Non-green algae have Rubiscos that are phylogenetically distinct from their counterparts in green algae and higher plants. Some non-green-algal Rubiscos are more specific for CO2, relative to O2, than higher-plant Rubiscos, sometimes coupled with lower Michaelis constants for CO2. If these Rubiscos could be substituted for the higher-plant enzyme, and if(More)
To understand the significance of estrogen receptor beta (ERbeta) in mammary carcinogenesis, we evaluated the expression of ERbeta in preinvasive mammary tumors. The percentage of ERbeta-positive epithelial or tumoral cells was assayed by quantitative immunohistochemistry using an image analyzer in 130 lesions of varying histological risk from 118 patients(More)
The response of tomato plants to long-term cadmium exposure was evaluated after a 90-days long culture in hydroponic conditions (0, 20, and 100 μM CdCl(2)). Cadmium preferentially accumulated in roots, and to a lower extent in upper parts of plants. Absolute quantification of 28 metabolites was obtained through (1)H NMR, HPLC-PDA, and colorimetric methods.(More)
Expression of a proliferating antigen by KI-67 immunohistochemistry was analyzed with a SAMBA 2005 computer-assisted image processor (Traitement de l'Information for des Techniques Nouvelles, Grenoble, France) in 47 surgically resected bronchopulmonary carcinoids embedded in paraffin. The clinicopathologic characteristics and KI-67 labeling, expressed in(More)
L-Galactono-1,4-lactone dehydrogenase (EC catalyzes the last step in the main pathway of vitamin C (L-ascorbic acid) biosynthesis in higher plants. In this study, we first characterized the spatial and temporal expression of SlGalLDH in several organs of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) plants in parallel with the ascorbate content.(More)
The GDP-D-mannose 3,5-epimerase (GME, EC, which converts GDP-d-mannose to GDP-l-galactose, is generally considered to be a central enzyme of the major ascorbate biosynthesis pathway in higher plants, but experimental evidence for its role in planta is lacking. Using transgenic tomato lines that were RNAi-silenced for GME, we confirmed that GME(More)
The cell expansion phase contributes in determining the major characteristics of a fleshy fruit and represents two-thirds of the total fruit development in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum). So far, it has received very little attention. To evaluate the interest of a genomic scale approach, we performed an initial sequencing of approximately 1,200 cell(More)
Understanding how the fruit microclimate affects ascorbate (AsA) biosynthesis, oxidation and recycling is a great challenge in improving fruit nutritional quality. For this purpose, tomatoes at breaker stage were harvested and placed in controlled environment conditions at different temperatures (12, 17, 23, 27 and 31 °C) and irradiance regimes (darkness or(More)
Tomato fruit growth and composition depend on both genotype and environment. This paper aims at studying how fruit phenotypic responses to changes in carbon availability can be influenced by genotype, and at identifying genotype-dependent and -independent changes in gene expression underlying variations in fruit growth and composition. We grew a parental(More)