Pierre-Antoine Gourraud

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There has been an explosion in population studies determining the frequency of KIR genes. However, there is still limited knowledge of allele and haplotype frequencies in different populations. The present study aims to determine the haplotype frequencies using allele information on ten genes and presence/absence of the other seven genes in the parents of(More)
Using the ImmunoChip custom genotyping array, we analyzed 14,498 subjects with multiple sclerosis and 24,091 healthy controls for 161,311 autosomal variants and identified 135 potentially associated regions (P < 1.0 × 10(-4)). In a replication phase, we combined these data with previous genome-wide association study (GWAS) data from an independent 14,802(More)
We review the most classical questions addressed by the analysis of population data in immunogenetics. Basic genetics' definitions are reminded. Questions related to the population data itself (structure, missing values nomenclature, sampling) are developed first, and secondly, the population genetics questions (relevance of genetic parameters (phenotype,(More)
The 1000 Genomes Project aims to provide a deep characterization of human genome sequence variation by sequencing at a level that should allow the genome-wide detection of most variants with frequencies as low as 1%. However, in the major histocompatibility complex (MHC), only the top 10 most frequent haplotypes are in the 1% frequency range whereas(More)
The major histocompatibility complex (MHC) region is strongly associated with multiple sclerosis (MS) susceptibility. HLA-DRB1*15:01 has the strongest effect, and several other alleles have been reported at different levels of validation. Using SNP data from genome-wide studies, we imputed and tested classical alleles and amino acid polymorphisms in 8(More)
OBJECTIVE Rheumatoid arthritis is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. We performed a systematic review of the literature and a meta-analysis to look for differences in the prevalence of traditional cardiovascular risk factor between RA patients and controls. METHODS Medline database was searched to identify studies evaluating(More)
OBJECTIVE Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a multifactorial neurologic disease characterized by modest but tractable heritability. Genome-wide association studies have identified and/or validated multiple polymorphisms in approximately 16 genes associated with susceptibility. We aimed at investigating the aggregation of genetic MS risk markers in individuals by(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a common demyelinating disease of the central nervous system mediated by autoimmune and neurodegenerative pathogenic mechanisms. Multiple genes account for its moderate heritability, but the only genetic region shown to have a large replicable effect on MS susceptibility is the major histocompatibility complex (MHC). Strong(More)
The analysis of Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) in terms of haplotypes have only been done through genotyping numerous and selected families. Consequently and schematically, KIR haplotypes have been roughly described by two groups (A and B) based on their gene contents. No further KIR adapted methods have been applied to the estimation of(More)
Association studies have greatly refined the understanding of how variation within the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genes influences risk of multiple sclerosis. However, the extent to which major effects are modulated by interactions is poorly characterized. We analyzed high-density SNP data on 17,465 cases and 30,385 controls from 11 cohorts of European(More)